Contents

Page414

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Title UPA A Century Later
Subject Newspapers; Newspaper publishing; Journalism
Creator Utah Press Association
Publisher Utah Press Association
Contributors Cornwell, J. M.
Date 1996
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Identifier PN4844.U8 U8 1996
Source Original Book: UPN A Century Later
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2005, University of Utah. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution University of Utah
Source Physical Dimensions 14 cm x 21.5 cm
Metadata Cataloger Kelly Taylor
ARK ark:/87278/s6319w0z
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416710
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z

Page Metadata

Title Page414
Description UTAH PRESS ASSOCIATION President James Madison said, "To the press alone, checkered as it is with abuses, the world is indebted for all the triumphs which have been obtained by reason and humanity over error and oppression." Asserted still another president, Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933-1945, "Freedom of conscience, of education, of speech, of assembly are among the very foundations of democracy and all of them would be nullified should freedom of the press ever be successfully challenged." Abraham Lincoln, our nation's president from 1861 to 1865, put it in these terms: "Let the people know the facts and the country will be safe." It was a typically brief statement by a man known for not wasting words. "Not for its own sake alone, but for the sake of society and good government, the press should be free. Publicity is the strong bond which unites the people and their government. Authority should do no act that will not bear the light." So spoke James A. Garfield, whose presidential term was ended by assassination in 1881 after only six months in office. In another era, the designation -30- would almost always be placed at the conclusion of a particular news report. It's seldom, if ever, used in journalism today, but in a time gone by signified the end of the story to which it was appended. Interestingly, no one knows with certainty where -30-originated. Which may be a good reason for offering a choice of no less than 18 different versions of its roots: (1. In the days before typewriters XXX (Roman numerals for 30) on manuscript copy indicated the end of the story. (2. Thirty pica ems was the maximum length line used in early typesetting machines. Thus "30" was the end of a line. (3. "Eighty" means farewell in Bengali. An English officer used the figures at the end of a letter to the East India Company in 1785. Adopting the figures for brevity in dealing, the company mistakenly made them "30" rather than "80." (4. The first message sent to the central press office during the Civil War totalled 30 words. The thirty, together with the words "good night," were placed at the bottom of the sheet by the telegrapher. 414
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 421-UPA_Page414.jpg
Source Original Book: UPA A Century Later
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416425
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z/416425