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Title UPA A Century Later
Subject Newspapers; Newspaper publishing; Journalism
Creator Utah Press Association
Publisher Utah Press Association
Contributors Cornwell, J. M.
Date 1996
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Identifier PN4844.U8 U8 1996
Source Original Book: UPN A Century Later
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2005, University of Utah. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution University of Utah
Source Physical Dimensions 14 cm x 21.5 cm
Metadata Cataloger Kelly Taylor
ARK ark:/87278/s6319w0z
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416710
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page214
Description UTAH PRESS ASSOCIATION Blower," was placed in experimental use at the New York Tribune. It gained its nickname because a blast of air was required to put the mats into casting alignment. It gained its official name there, too, when Whitelaw Reid, the publisher, streamlined "line-of-type" into Linotype. Three years would pass before Mergenthaler rebuilt the first version into the Simplex, which by 1892 had been sold to a thousand printing customers and was being ordered daily by others. It was followed by the Linograph, the Unitype and other Mergenthaler models, including the Simplex and the Junior Linotype, known in the trade as the "wire baby." Together they revolutionized typesetting and, in combination with the competing Intertype, remained the standard of the industry for more than a half-century before the advent of "cold" type. Intertype came upon the scene in 1913 when patent protection expired for Mergenthaler Linotypes. The two "cornered the market" in typesetting and were stout competitors until hot lead become virtually a thing of the past. If typesetting was drudgery, transferring the type to paper was little better. Early presses had great similarity to screw-type grape presses and muscular men were needed to handle the lever which cranked the screw, bringing type and paper together. Producing more than a hundred copies an hour required a seasoned team of two, one inking the type and placing a dampened sheet of paper atop it; the other levering the press against the paper. Moistening the paper, of course, kept it from slipping, which would result in a blurred copy. Though they offered minor improvements, neither the English Common Press nor American variations of it appreciably improved the cumbersome printing process well into the next century. The two presses which were similar to the English version were built by Christopher Sower in Pennsylvania and Isaac Doolittle in Connecticut. Adapting compound levers did do away with the screw 214
Format application/pdf
Identifier 222-UPA_Page214.jpg
Source Original Book: UPA A Century Later
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416225
Reference URL