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Title UPA A Century Later
Subject Newspapers; Newspaper publishing; Journalism
Creator Utah Press Association
Publisher Utah Press Association
Contributors Cornwell, J. M.
Date 1996
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Identifier PN4844.U8 U8 1996
Source Original Book: UPN A Century Later
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2005, University of Utah. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution University of Utah
Source Physical Dimensions 14 cm x 21.5 cm
Metadata Cataloger Kelly Taylor
ARK ark:/87278/s6319w0z
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416710
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page231
Description THE OFFSET REVOLUTION "because the heated plastic was pretty smelly. Jean would see the Scanagraver producing things he'd once made for us in his plant and he'd threaten to stuff a potato into the exhaust pipe, joking that the fumes would run us out of the building." Neither the Scanagraver nor the Photo Lathe rivalled zinc engraving's quality, but what they created was quite satisfactory for most newspaper needs. At this point in time hot metal typesetting machines, both those built by Linotype and by its chief rival, Intertype, had pretty much reached the maximum speed they could achieve. Operating from punched tape and utilizing the newly-developed automatic quadders, the fastest - exemplified by Linotype's Blue Streak and Comet models - were producing 12 lines per minute. That was four lines or so quicker than standard models whose operators could "hang" the machine, a term which meant it could go no faster. There was little likelihood of more speed than the tape-operated models provided. Because the Linotype keyboard, standard for the industry, was totally unlike a typewriter keyboard, it wasn't practical for newspapers to try to cut costs by using less expensive labor in typesetting. "Less expensive," in that day was synonymous with employing women to do what was essentially a man's work -- and many plants employed ladies who did that with considerable skill. It was rather strange, since many knew the typewriter keyboard and few knew the Linotype one, that an adapter called the Kellogg Keyboard didn't gain more widespread use. It made it possible for a typist to operate a hot metal machine. But the manufacturer hardly recovered production costs from its limited sales. Difficulty in finding operators trained for the Linotype keyboard actually hastened the switch to offset in some cases. One was at the Uintah Basin Standard, published by Clarin Ashby. "We were simply forced into the move, perhaps a year or two before we were ready," he recalls. "The deciding factor became Linotype operators. The fact that I was an operator myself seemed to become a liability rather than an asset. 231
Format application/pdf
Identifier 239-UPA_Page231.jpg
Source Original Book: UPA A Century Later
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416242
Reference URL