Contents

Page239

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Title UPA A Century Later
Subject Newspapers; Newspaper publishing; Journalism
Creator Utah Press Association
Publisher Utah Press Association
Contributors Cornwell, J. M.
Date 1996
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Identifier PN4844.U8 U8 1996
Source Original Book: UPN A Century Later
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2005, University of Utah. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution University of Utah
Source Physical Dimensions 14 cm x 21.5 cm
Metadata Cataloger Kelly Taylor
ARK ark:/87278/s6319w0z
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416710
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z

Page Metadata

Title Page239
Description THE OFFSET REVOLUTION one did the other had to do. J. W. (Jack) Gallivan and Pat Hession are labelled by NAC observers as being "in the forefront" of the changing technology. Mike Brennan not only watched the revolt take place at NAC - he participated in it. He'd joined the organization as a computer programmer in 1964 and had become Director of Development by the time offset newspapering reached reality. The first step, he remembers, came in 1964, when an IBM 1620 computer was employed to justify type for the hot metal linecasting machines. "The installation of this computer seemed to set in motion a whole set of changes that would take place over the next 25 years and end up with us using all offset printing techniques," Brennan remembers. Understandably concerned about their job security, NAC's unionized compositors had little enthusiasm for the changes they could already envision. But as Brennan explains it, "American dailies had become labor intensive over many years of union controlled hot lead typesetting in the composing room. Many in the industry, including the staff at NAC, viewed photo-composition as the beginning of a revolution to bring control of production costs and the characteristics of the printed product back to the publisher's office." The next step was a Mergenthaler LinoFilm typesetter, installed in 1968. Its 18 line-per-minute speed was an improvement, but hardly satisfied the production requirements of a hefty metropolitan daily. That gradually increased, though, and equipment made by both Mergenthaler and Harris Inter-type was used to bring about multi-hundred line production by the mid-1970s. All of which set the stage for improved press output, though it was slow to come. NAC moved first to thin metal-backed plates with a photo sensitive coating as a replacement for those stereotyped in lead. This made it possible to utilize the speedier photo composition. The procedure was somewhat similar to that used for offset printing, but the plates had a raised image rather than the flat surface of offset ones. And 239
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 247-UPA_Page239.jpg
Source Original Book: UPA A Century Later
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416250
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z/416250