Contents

Page7

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Title UPA A Century Later
Subject Newspapers; Newspaper publishing; Journalism
Creator Utah Press Association
Publisher Utah Press Association
Contributors Cornwell, J. M.
Date 1996
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Identifier PN4844.U8 U8 1996
Source Original Book: UPN A Century Later
Language eng
Rights Management Digital image copyright 2005, University of Utah. All rights reserved.
Holding Institution University of Utah
Source Physical Dimensions 14 cm x 21.5 cm
Metadata Cataloger Kelly Taylor
ARK ark:/87278/s6319w0z
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416710
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z

Page Metadata

Title Page7
Description IT BEGAN AT A MEMORABLE TIME change." With only minimal modesty the ads continued, "The Greatest and Grandest Railroad on Earth!" Meanwhile, the Southern Pacific's advertising offered a $35 round-trip ticket from Ogden to San Francisco. It particularly appealed to those interested in the soon-to-take-place Midwinter Art Fair. All the nation's railroads, the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific included, benefitted in 1893 from Congressional action that was stimulated by the American Railway Union, an organization founded that year by Eugene Debs. The new law required that cars be equipped with automatic couplers. The dangerous link-and-pin coupler system employed up to that time had maimed or killed countless trainmen. Automatic couplers virtually eliminated the need for a man to put his hands or, sometimes, his entire body in jeopardy in order to hook cars together. The same Federal action made air brakes mandatory on trains. That, too, extended the life of railroad trainmen. Prior to 1893, they had been required to climb to the roof of moving, often wildly swaying, cars to set the brakes when the engineer signalled with the locomotive's whistle. Once on top, they turned a wheel which tightened the brakeshoes on that individual car, then moved along the wooden catwalk to the next one. In snow or rain, footing was treacherous and falling from that uneasy perch was often fatal. George Westinghouse had invented in 1868 a compressed air system controlled by the engineer which could apply the brakes on an entire train with the pull of a handle. Most railroad owners ignored it because of the cost, but the Congressional mandate brought air brakes into widespread use ~ a quarter of a century after they'd been conceived. On the Utah news scene, an item datelined Tintic read: "John Frain, the old man who was seriously injured by the discharge of a stick of powder while celebrating the advent of a New Year, is not as seriously injured as first reported. He will lose his eyesight." And in Bingham, where such happenings weren't unusual, one Jack England stabbed Andrew Peterson 13 times in a
Format application/pdf
Identifier 019-UPA_Page7.jpg
Source Original Book: UPA A Century Later
Setname uu_upa
Date Created 2005-05-10
Date Modified 2005-05-10
ID 416018
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6319w0z/416018