Forty-niner in Utah, page 097

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Identifier 110.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 097
Description ]uly 1850-May 1852 stated that in some of the States not enough men are left to harvest the grain or properly attend to the Women & children, how this unprecedented influx of people into a new country will terminate it is impossible to state, but I know from diggers & eyewitnesses that the gold is apparently inexhaustible. It is calculated that already 50,000 people have crossed the plains, all cannot get rich, but I do hope that I shall realize my humble ambition. July 25th Since writing the above, unwilling to spend a day without profitable employment I procured an engagement as Clerk to one of our Justices of the Peace," he is constantly employed in settling the disputes of the Emigrants to Cal- who are contentious to a shocking extent. The first effort on the part of the authorities is to induce them to compromise & decide their differences without the interference of the Magistrate, but generally they are litigious & proceed to extremities, we then make them pay pretty heavily for costs & in this way, our time is amply remunerated." There is no penitentiary here so if necessary to inflict a punishment the Prisoner is Sold, as happened a day or two since when a man for horse stealing was sold to servitude for two years.7 We assemble in 5 In their first general elections held March 12, 1849, the Mormon settlers chose Brigham Young as governor, other general officers, and at least twenty justices of the peace for Salt Lake City divided among the nineteen ecclesiastical wards. The editor has been unable to determine which justice employed Hudson as clerk. 6 Emigrant diaries as well as Mormon journals refer to the extreme contentiousness of many of the California-bound gold-seekers due, no doubt, to the disappointments and hardships of the trail which resulted in many parties breaking up when they reached Salt Lake City. The new justices of the peace found the cases litigated in their courts to be quite time-consuming, but often profitable as well. Joseph Lee Robinson, justice for the North Cottonwood District, recorded of the emigrants, "I not only got some good horses and cattle and wagons from them but some money allso for they often got in a quarrel and then they must have a law suit. . . . they would come to a justice of the peace and adjudge their difficulties and leave a little of their money." John Wood wrote of two men who sued another for not guiding them to California, the latter claiming "that he had already brought them to California, Salt Lake being in California." Many other incidents could be cited. Brigham Young became somewhat exasperated by the constant request for trials and justice from the local magistrates, "It is the urgent wish of all the citizens of Deseret, that travellers would settle their own difficulties; or rather, that they would have no difficulties, so that our officers might pursue their daily avocations in peace. Were there no travellers in our midst, we might soon forget the name of law suit." Joseph Lee Robin- son, Autobiography, p. 72, L.D.S. Archives; John Wood, Journal of John Wood, . . . . in the Spring and Summer of 1850 . . . (Columbus, Ohio: Nevins and Myers, Book and Job Printers, 1871), p. 60; Manuscript History, August 1850, p. 88. 7 As already indicated, selling indigent prisoners to others was practiced in Deseret . Hosea Stout's Diary is especially interesting in this respect. He tells of selling a man named William Maykin, a "State prisoner," to Colonel T. C. Wiley for a term of one year for 97
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327782
Reference URL