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Forty-niner in Utah, page 078

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 091.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 078
Description Frontier Utah which although enginneers might smile yet is a sufficient & necessary protection to any infant settlement.18 The time for which I had engaged to keep school being expired & not being sufficiently remunerated to induce me to continue it longer than necessary although pressed still to educate the children by their Parents I declined & but stayed in this valley during a war which resulted in the extermination of the Indians & then left for the city; about this war I will but remark that the savages were by no means a com- temptible enemy as they were well armed with rifles, bows & arrows the latter of which they can send with sufficient force to peirce through an ox & they were in possession of plenty of ammunition. They had chosen an island in the river, which runs with a rapid current, & is icy cold, for their encampment, & this being thickly covered with timber & underwood made a natural fortress almost impregnable, they were in consequence routed with difficulty. I volunteered to go into action as I felt a little curious as to the manner I could stand fire. I can say that amid cannons roar & falling balls some of them pretty close I never felt more disposed i8 In the summer of 1848, a band of Ute Indians from Utah Valley, under Chiefs Sowiette and Walkara (or Walker), visited Salt Lake Valley and requested that some white colonists be sent to live among them so that they could learn to farm and "become civilized." Brigham Young responded by sending thirty-three men under John S. Higbee in March 1849 to make a settlement at Fort Utah. The party built their fort on the south side of Provo River at what today would be 1st North and 18th West in the city of Provo. It was 300 feet long, 150 feet wide, and was surrounded by a 14-foot high stockade with a bastion within, on which the settlers mounted a six-pound iron cannon for protection from their good friends, the Utes. Log cabins, built of split box elder logs with lumber and dirt roofs, were placed side by side around the perimeter of the fort, and a corral for night herding was situated in the southeast corner of the stockade. Each cabin had two cloth- covered windows and a few could boast of split-log floors. In May, Isaac Higbee was appointed to replace John S. Higbee as leader of the settlement. By summer there were about forty families engaged in farming 225 acres near the fort but there was a season of real privation somewhat ameliorated by the passage of groups of California gold-seekers through the valley who traded some goods to the destitute settlers. A successful harvest in the fall relieved the scarcity of food, but other goods were in short SUPPlY. By November 27, 1849, there were 57 log houses occupying the 17% acres of Fort Utah, a sawmill, and a tannery. All the early records indicate that Mary Ann Turner was the first teacher in the settlement; Hudson may well have been the second. Grace Winkle- man, "History of Provo City," pp. 1-7, WPA Records, Utah State Historical Society; Orson F. Whitney, History of Utah, 4 ~01s. (Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon and Sons Company, Publishers, 1892), vol. 1, pp. 397-400; Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Utah, camps., PYOUO: Pioneer Mormorj City (Portland, Oregon: Binford and Mort, Publishers, 1942), pp. 44-53. 78
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327763
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327763