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Forty-niner in Utah, page 129

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 158.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 129
Description April-lune 1850 wash again in fresh water Fremonts description of the waters of this lake is perfectly just he states, that it is a "saturated solution of salt"; indeed the lake maybe called a huge pickle tub for which purpose sometime after this date it was actually used? I made a sketch of the romantic kitchen or more correctly the spot upon which the camp cooking fire was kindled, this was formed by an irregular wall of limestone which reared itself almost perpendicularly from the shore, behind this mass a fire was built, & cooking operations carried on.7 Looking over the parapets the blue lake was seen extending for a considerable distance, the dimly seen mountains closing the view making a striking & characteristic landscape. After breakfast we left Rocky Point Antelope Island, the party with the baggage filling both yaul and skiff" & had a pleasant sail of about thirty miles N. W to the main land. 6 Dr. L. D. Gale, the scientist who compiled the "Chemical Analyses, etc." report for Captain Howard Stansbury contributed this analysis: Chloride of Sodium 20.196 Sulphate of Soda 1.834 Chloride of Magnesium 0.252 Chloride of Calcium 0. trace solid con tents 22.422 Because the lime and magnesia attracted moisture from the air and a hard crust formed on deposits, Dr. Gale recommended that in order to obtain pure salt, a portion of the raw salt be placed in a bin containing a porous bottom, At intervals a cold solution of salt water from the lake should be sprinkled over the salt to dissolve the chlorides of cal- cium and magnesium which would then be leached away through the porous bottom. Lieutenant Gunnison, on the other hand, described the more down-to-earth efforts of the salt-boilers who claimed to obtain "two measures of salt from three of brine" from the "Great Briny Shallow." He observed the Charley White family at work on the south shore of the lake where White was able to boil three hundred pounds of salt a day using six iron kettles which held about sixty gallons of brine. In summer White estimated that he could get one pail of salt from four of water and, in winter, one of salt from three of water. But, as Dale Morgan noted, the salt boilers were not very much taken with the solution of the caking problem suggested by Dr. Gale and produced an unrefined product which sold for as low as fifty cents per hundred pounds. Stansbury, Report, pp. 418-19; Gunnison, The Mormons, p. 19; Morgan, Great Salt Lake, pp. 387-88. 7 This sketch, incorrectly entitled "Camp No. 4, Near Promontory Point Great Salt Lake," opposite page 169 in the Stansbury Report is a view of Camp No. 2 at Rocky Point on Antelope Island. 8 To provide for transportation around the lake, Stansbury hired Dan Jones, a Welsh convert to the Mormon faith, to build a large boat, an achievement pregnant with much difficulty. Stansbury recorded "almost every stick of timber used in the construction had to be procured from the ca%ns of the mountains, piece by piece; and the planking, although of the best material the country afforded, was so `shaky' and liable to split and 129
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327814
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327814