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Forty-niner in Utah, page 153

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 182.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 153
Description April-]une 1850 oblivion by arranging them in the herbarium I finished some draw- ings & made a sketch of this our 8th EncampmentF8 The Capt. returned about 9 P.M. having been much pleased with the exploration. He described the Island as abounding in gulls & Pelicans; this being the period of hatching the birds were un- willing to leave their nests even at the approach of the men, & a fine Pelican was captured & a quantity of eggs collected.69 68 This sketch apparently has not survived. The quotation is from Thomas Gray (1717~1771), "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard" (175O), stanza 13: Full many a gem of purest ray serene, The dark unfathom'd caves of ocean bear: Full many a flower is born to blush unseen, And waste its sweetness on the desert air. 69 Stansbury reported that "The whole of this neck was covered by innumerable gulls & pelicans whose nests were found strewing the ground in every direction." The men were excited with their visit to the island, and one who declared he would not have missed the trip for five dollars was talking about the equivalent of four days of labor. The Stansbury Report left the first scientific observations of the colonial bird population of Great Salt Lake. William H. Behle has done the most thorough study of these birds, and his con- clusions confirm most of the tentative judgments made by the Stansbury leaders. Except for some nesting sites on Fremont Island, apparently Gunnison and Egg islands were the chief habitats of the colonial birds because the islands remained islands even during low water stages and thus afforded security from predatory animals during the nesting process. The birds were and are forced to resort to Utah Lake some seventy-five miles distant or to the marshes near the mouth of Bear River to obtain the fish and other fresh water organisms on which they live. California gulls and the great blue herons are essen- tially summer residents of Great Salt Lake although some do spend the winter in the area. Pelicans are common from late March through September when the nesting islands become virtually deserted. From Stansbury's time to the present, the Salt Lake white pelicans seem to have attracted more public attention than all the other colonial birds. Although Stansbury noted thousands of pelicans during his tour of Great Salt Lake, by 1875 the colonies had been almost obliterated by hunters who looked upon them as competitors for fresh water fish. Today, the pelicans have returned and Gunnison Island supports "one of the last great breeding colonies of the White Pelican in the country." One of the last estimates, in 1964, reported 3,000 adult breeding pelicans on Gunnison Island. Stansbury, Journal, vol. 4, 8 May; Carrington, Journal, 8 May, pp. 11-12; Behle, Bird Life of Great Salt Lake, pp. 20-124, 139-54; Michael Francis Lies, "Present Status of the White Pelican in the United States and Canada" (master's thesis, University of Utah, 1964), p. 24; C. Lynn Hayward, et al., Birds of Utah, Brigham Young University, Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs Number 1 (Provo, Utah, 1976), pp. 34-36; U. S., Department of the Interior, National Park Service, History and Present Status of the Breeding Colonies of the White Pelican in the United States, by Ben H. Thompson, Contribution of Wild Life Division Occasional Paper No. 1 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1932), pp. 45- 49; William H. Behle and Michael L. Perry, Utah Birds: Checklist, Seasonal and Eco- logical Occurrence Charts and Guides to Bird Finding (Salt Lake City: Utah Museum of Natural History, University of Utah, 1975), p. 102; Morgan, Great Salt Lake, pp. 367-76. , 153
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327838
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327838