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Forty-niner in Utah, page 056

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 069.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 056
Description To the Plains in `49 place doing a very considerable business; the noise & bustle of the whole city seems to be centered upon the Levy i.e. the row of Warehouses & stores immediately in front of the river; the in- cessant crowd of carts, the imprecations of the Drivers, kicking of mules, confusion created by the huge teams of oxen & the quantity of M'dize being transferred to & from the boats which line the river side for nearly a mile; produce a turmoil which is heightened by the jargon of dialects The novelty of the scene is also enhanced by the variety of appearance & regalia. the lank angular & sinister looking Western man, Omnipresent Irishman, as strongly marked as the Indian who stalks among the crowd, their vermillioned faces resembling the setting sun behind a cloud & with the proud glance & assumed indifference that characterize this race, & lots of noisy Niggers are congregated upon this road Meeting such a confused jumble of people with the bustle consequent upon our short stay in this place, it is not a matter of surprise that my idea of S. Louis is not a very definite one.22 Mondy Apl2 During the night I was pens, and the city directory for 1859 listed two "Slave Dealers" among the classified businesses. The official auction block was the eastern door of the courthouse. In 1847 William Brown a slave who had worked on a steamboat from St. Louis south on the Mississippi River, reported that "Missouri, though a comparatively new state is very much engaged in raising slaves to supply the southern market." During the 1840s "prime hands" brought $600.00 to $900.00 in St. Louis, female slaves from $300.00 to $350.00, and children from two to five years $100.00 to $200.00. The sale of the boy witnessed by Hudson was not an unusual sight in St. Louis. Harrison Anthony Trexler, Slavery in Missouri, 2804-1865 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1914, pp. 39, 48-51; John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom, A History of Negro Americans, 5th ed. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1980), pp. 124-27. 22 St. Louis, in 1849, controlled the trade of the Upper Mississippi, the Missouri, and the Illinois rivers and shared a large portion of the commerce of the Ohio and Lower Mississippi with Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and New Orleans. Its population had reached a total of 77,860 by 1850 with 73,806 whites, 1,398 "free colored," and 2,656 slaves. James Hall, in 1847, called it the "greatest steamboat port, next to New Orleans, in the world," and three years later, the city had a steam tonnage of 24,995 tons compared to Cincinnati's 16,906 tons, with 2,897 steamboat arrivals for that year. Above the city the Misssissippi River reached depths of only three to five feet while below the junction of that river with the Missouri, it was six feet. This factor made St. Louis a transshipment point between the large steamers of the Lower Mississippi and the boats of lighter draught required for the shallower rivers above. So there were two fleets of steamboats at the city. The levee described by Hudson had been lengthened because it could not be widened and was "the busiest scene in the Mississippi Valley"- continuously jammed with wagons, drays, and men fighting for space on which to transact their business. There were no warehouses, the goods were stacked in the open under the sun and stars. "Claims were made that the levee was so crowded with goods and produce that one could walk the entire distance of the wharf without setting foot on the ground." Hall, The West, pp. 248- 56
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327741
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327741