||Frontier Utah energys by a still longer stay at this place, of course it became necessary to seek some means by which I could earn a livelihood until my health should permit me to prosecute the end I had in view; through the influence of these good Samaritans I shall next week open a school & trust that in the attempt to teach others I shall find instruction myself, obtain increased patience & persever- ance & be the instrument in the hands of God of doing some good to a rising generation; you will be rejoiced to learn that during my for $10.00 per wagon. After recruiting their animals near Fort Utah in Utah Valley, a train of 107 wagons was organized into seven companies. The expedition left on October 2 and traveled as far as Beaver Creek to a point a few miles northeast of Mountain Meadows where Captain 0. K. Smith, a leader of a group of non-Mormons who had joined the train, proposed to break off from the Old Spanish Trail to take a shortcut by way of Walker Pass to the Sierra Nevadas. Although Jefferson Hunt warned that Smith's venture would lead the unwary travelers "into the jaws of hell," about 100 wagons followed Smith, leaving only 7 wagons to go on with Hunt. Running into some almost impassible mountains and canyons, most of the men under the leadership of a Mr. Rynierson, returned to the Old Spanish Trail to follow in Hunt's wake. Twenty-seven wagons continued to pursue the Smith Cutoff. The Hunt party and the Rynierson group reached the southern California settlements without too much difficulty, the Hunt group on December 22, 1849, but those who took the shortcut earned an uncertain fame by traversing Death Valley. One of these was Edward C. Coker of the Colony Guards whose short reminiscence of the trip is included in William L. Manly's Death Valley in `49. Of the other packers who made up his party, Coker could remember the names of only eight men, none of whom were among his former companions in the Guard. Three of them died on the trek through Death Valley in a journey "full of adventure and suffering," before they reached Owen's Lake. Another of the Colony Guard contingent, William Robinson, joined the group which elected to travel through Panamint Valley, then west over a mountain range, and finally to a spring of fresh water in Antelope Valley. Here, on about February 1, 1850, Robinson was brought "into camp in an exhausted condition. . . . and, when he drank too much water, died." William B. Lorton and fifteen other gold-seekers chose to return to the Old Spanish Trail on the Rio Virgin and after losing about sixty horses and mules and having to eat six horses and four mules, finally reached the settlements in southern California. Among them were five members of the Colony Guard-Charles Barrel (C. D. Burrill), William Sands (W. S. Sands), William Sherman (W. H. Shear-man), J. Handle (J. Hendal), and J. Bucklin (D. W. Bucklin). Of the other six men from the Colony Guard who took the southern route, nothing is known. Brigham Young Manuscript History, October 1849, p. 140, December 1849, pp. 166-67, L.D.S. Archives; Journal History, 8 October 1849; William Carruth, "Autobiography," p. 23, L.D.S. Archives; LeRoy R. and Ann W. Hafen, eds., journals of Forty-niners: Salt Lake to Los Angeles (Glendale, California: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1954), pp. 27-28, 31-38, 41-44, 273-75; William Lewis Manly, Death Valley in '49 (San Jose, California: The Pacific Tree and Vine Company, 1894), pp. 373-76; Bruff, Gold Rush, p. 638; John Walton Caughey, "Southwest from Salt Lake in 1849," The Pacific Historical Review 6 (1937):155-56; William B. Lorton, Over the Salt Lake Trail in the Fall of `49 (Los Angeles: privately printed, 1957), n.p.