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Forty-niner in Utah, page 067

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 080.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 067
Description October 1849~June 1850 phatically miserable night.4 About the middle of June I was taken ill which continued with but slight intermission until our arrival at this City, you will perhaps imagine that this place being so styled, resembles our English Citys but it is only so in prospect, The houses are either of logs or built of mud bricks called dobys & are but in few instances larger than one or two rooms, but time & per- severance will accomplish much for this energetic & faithful people, each house stands in an acre & 1/4 of garden ground, 8 in a block forming squares, the streets [blank] wide are to be lined with trees with a canal for the purpose of irrigation running through the centre;' As our waggons entered the beautiful valley with the long absent comforts of home in prospect, I experienced a considerable change for the better & when to my surprise & joy I 4 The sudden and vicious storms along the Platte were terrifying to many and miser- able to all. Merrill J. Mattes gives excellent descriptions, taken from many journals, of tornadoes, hail storms, and the more common violent rain storms. One traveler, Randall H. Hewitt, described a spell. of lightning during which "Everything which stood upright seemed to be an illuminated pillar of fire of electric flame, even the mules's ears." But the wild gales which accompanied such heavenly displays caused the greatest havoc. Jared Fox observed that the strong wind "nearly turned our wagons wrong side out," while another pilgrim saw two wagons turned upside down. When John E. Dalton lost his tent, "in a few moments where we lay the water was over shoe mouth deep; & there we poor mono- maniacal gold hunteres had to take it for three long hours." As James F. Meline explained the dilemma when caught in a storm, "You can't lie down without being drowned or stand up without being struck by lightning." John Hudson was not the only traveler awed by nature's fury out on the open prairie. Mattes, Platte River Road, pp. 94-98. 5 Of the great many descriptions of Salt Lake City left by the forty-niners as they emerged from the Wasatch Mountains to witness the spectacle of a city in a wilderness, a correspondent writing for an eastern newspaper on July 8, 1849, has left us an interesting view of a truly agricultural metropolis: "Passing over some miles of pasture land, we at length found ourselves in a broad and fenced street, extending westward in a straight line for several miles. Houses of wood or sun-dried brick were thickly clustered in the vale before us, some thousands in number, and occupying a spot about as large as the city of New York. The whole space for miles, excepting the streets and houses, was in a high state of cultivation. Fields of yellow wheat stood waiting for the harvest, and Indian corn, potatoes, oats, flax, and all kinds of garden vegetables, were growing in profusion, . . . There were no hotels, because there had been no travel; no barber's shops, because every one chose to shave himself, and no one had time to shave his neighbor; no stores, because they had no goods to sell, nor time to traffic; no centre of business, because all were too busy to make a centre. "There was abundance of mechanic's shops, of dressmakers, milliners, and tailors, etc.; but they needed no sign, nor had they time to paint or erect one, for they were crowded with business. Besides their several trades, all must cultivate the land, or die; for the country was new, and no cultivation but their own within a thousand miles. Everyone had his lot, and built on it; every one cultivated it, and perhaps a small farm in the distance." Smucker, History of the Mormons, pp. 811-12. 67
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327752
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327752