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Forty-niner in Utah, page 008

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 021.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 008
Description An Englishman in New York City which he stated that, had it not been for the sunday school, from which he derived all the knowledge he was possessed, he could not have spoken upon the topic he deemed of such importance & he urged all who were not already, upon arriving in the States to con- nect themselves with a similar Institution.7 An hour afterwards, we being on the banks of Newfoundland, the Captain gave orders & all were busy fishing for cod, but owing to the depth of the water, 45 fathoms, their efforts were but partially successful, one only was caught, the peice I had, cooked as a chop for tea was delicate- ly tender & being served half an hour after he was caught, widely different from the cod I have hitherto tasted. Aug 31. This being the last day I suffered from sea sickness I consider it sufficiently important to make a note of it. We have abundant indication of approaching a warmer climate, the sun be- ing now so powerful that we have an awning between the masts on deck. another feature also is the increasing beauty of the sun sets, while viewing the declining sun, this Eveng I felt that it was worth enduring the annoyances of a sea voyage to become ac- quainted with such glorious effects; the beautiful gradation of color, the blue of the Zenith subsiding into green, golden, & then at the horizon a luminous crimson, this with the wild fantastic shapes of the clouds their ever changing forms & tints together with the golden color of the ocean, compose a scene which pro- duce a solemnizing effect, irresistibly elevating the mind & im- pressing it with a sense of the beauty of Creation & the power of 7 Hudson's slight reference to the steerage passengers was perhaps typical of the "gentlemen" who were able to pay twenty to forty pounds for passage from Liverpool to America. They knew very little of life below decks where anywhere from three hundred to a thousand emigrants might be crammed into the holds; provided with very poor food and a daily ration of water with large doses of vinegar to disguise the deteriorating quality; and subject to diseases which might wipe out ten percent of the company. The conditions of the difficult journey with the cramped quarters, lack of privacy, and ever present sea- sickness, were well-described by the British emigration commissioners in 1847. People of all ages, "from the drivelling idiot of ninety to the babe just born," were confined to filthy beds in narrow spaces between piles of boxes, the sick intermingled with the healthy. The poor food was insufficiently cooked, the supply of water so meager that washing the floors between the berths was not permitted, and the ill seldom received any kind of medi- cation before death and burial at sea intervened, the latter usually accomplished without the rites of the church. Basil W. Bathe, Seven Centuries of Sea Travel (New York: Tudor Publishing Company, 1973), pp. 89-91; Oscar Handlin, The Uprooted (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1973, pp. 44-50. 8
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327693
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327693