||April-June 1850 Monday May 13. Not feeling well, suffering from neuralgia, attributable to the damp position of our camp, I took a place in the boat & bade farewell to the Eastern shores of the lake of which I had become quite tired. Some of the men blessed with a wonderful power of vision from this spot could see the California road & at an immense distance perceived a waggon ascending an eminence, bound for the mines.74 Owing to the shallow water the boat anchored some two miles from the shore, we had therefore even more than the usual amount of wadeing. We were occupied until sunset bringing ashore such articles as were necessary for Camp service. The hills lining the shore are bold & precipitous & offer a prospect of some fine views but the circumstance that detracts from the picturesque appearance of the lake, is the total want of timber, the country not affording enough even for stations. This is a characteristic of the whole region giving an aspect of sterility & barrenness which is far from agreeable. The hills that rise immedi- ately behind our camp are, composed of limestone with a coating of tufa & their worn & irregular appearance testify to the disintegrating power of the waters long since when the lake was a not get back until after dark. The gnats continued to harass the party. Hudson could "feel quite ill" as a result of the attacks and even the taciturn Carrington responded, "midges so annoying but little can be done by way of reading or writing, or even resting or snoozing, were one inclined to somnolency-" Carrington, Journal, 12 May, p. 13. 74 This "Emigrant Road from California" is shown on the official map of the Stans- bury Survey of the Great Salt Lake and the adjacent area. The trail proceeded north from Salt Lake City between the Wasatch Mountains and the eastern shore of Great Salt Lake to the famous Crossing of the Bear River near present Collinston, Utah, then west by north around the northern head of the lake, and then west by north to the City of Rocks just slightly northeast of the point where the boundary between Utah and Nevada meets Idaho. The Stansbury encampment was about twenty miles south of the road at this point. The road, known as the Salt Lake Cutoff, had been forged by S. J. Hensley in the summer of 1848. He led a group of packers this way after an initial unsuccessful attempt to cross the salt flats by going around the south end of Great Salt Lake. The emigrants who later took the Salt Lake Cutoff lost about five days compared with those who took Sublette's Cutoff, from below South Pass to the Fort Hall road. Many thought the chance to recuper- ate and obtain fresh supplies from the Mormons at Salt Lake City was worth the additional eighty miles and five more days on the road. During the rush of 1849 about one-third of the emigrants used the Salt Lake Cutoff and not only enjoyed a visit to Salt Lake City but also found less crowding and more grass for their livestock along the trail. George R. Stewart, The California Trail (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1962), pp. 194,202-3,245-47.