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Forty-niner in Utah, page 058

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 071.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 058
Description To the Plains in `49 sand bank we landed in safety at Kansas the point from which we start across the plains,24 that we have purchased our mules more reasonably than we anticipated 65 & 66 Dollars being paid for them. It is difficult to ascertain but from repeated enquiry I should think that the emigration by this route may safely be stated at abt 4,OOO All estimates above this are exaggerated.25 I shall probably write again before I arrive in California & hope Style and Etiquette joined to their egregious vanity, Hoggishness of Manners and evident high estimation of themselves to the exclusion of all others exposes them to the ridicule of all and almost tempts me to deny my Country. It is my private opinion that before they arrive at their destination they will be perfectly acquainted with the `Elephant.' " Then, arriving at Kansas at 9:00 P.M., April 4, he took a final shot at the tenderfeet from the East, "Here we got rid of our Blue Cassimere friends from New York and I for one must confess I never parted with the society of any one with less regret. Their assump- tion of military dignity joined to the native puppyism made me feel ashamed that they were Countrymen of Mine and exposed them to the ridicule of all." Joseph Waring Berrien, "Overland from St. Louis to the California Gold Field in 1849: The Diary of Joseph Waring Berrien," eds., Ted and Caryl Hinckley, Indiana Magazine of History 56 (1960): 277-81. 24 The chief jumping-off places for the Pacific Coast before 1850 were Independence and St. Joseph, Missouri. In 1847 a St. Joseph newspaper wrote that of the spring migration for that year, 433 wagons had passed through Independence while almost 8OO had traveled by way of St. Joseph. Another writer from St. Joseph boasted that in 1850 32,000 people left that town for the West, 6,000 from Weston just across the Missouri River from Fort Leavenworth, and 10,000 divided among the three villages of Inde- pendence, Parkville, and Kansas. At the time Kansas was the steamboat landing just two or three miles northwest of Westport, and the complex of Westport-Kansas soon became the chief rival of Independence and St. Joseph as the starting place for emigrants. In 1848 Kansas had about two hundred families, ten stores, three taverns, a steam mill, and four brickyards. A year later, the population was estimated at seven hundred people, and a new hotel of forty-six apartments was added to the business district to accommodate the rush of business precipitated by the influx of forty-niners. The town would soon adopt the more prestigious name of Kansas City. Westport-Kansas more and more became the point of departure for California- and Oregon-bound travelers and traders to Santa Fe, rather than Independence, because the latter was eighteen miles to the east with some dangerous creek-crossings and new farms along the way, while Westport-Kansas was located on the edge of the prairie where good forage was available for teams. A. Theodore Brown, Frontier Community: Kansas City to 2870 (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1963) pp. 55, 59-65. 25 Wild guesses as to the number of gold-seekers to cross the plains in 1849 have finally been refined so that George R. Stewart's close estimate of 22,500 has now been superseded by John D. Unruh's careful figure of 25,000. The Missouri Republican (St. Louis) of June 25,1849, printed a letter by "Pawnee" of June 6 from Fort Kearny that 4,804 wagons had passed the Fort so far and that he did not expect any more wagons after another two weeks of travel. In addition to his figure of 22,500 gold-seekers, Stewart estimates there were 60,000 animals on the trail. George R. Stewart, The California Trail (New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1962), pp. 232-33; John D. Unruh, Jr., The Plains Across: The Overland Emigrants and the Trans-Mississippi West, 1840-60 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979), p. 120. 58
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327743
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327743