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Forty-niner in Utah, page 178

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 207.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 178
Description Exploring Great Salt Lake stone cliffs, at whose bases we were walking along, were varie- gated with vein of calcareous spar & the moisture incidental to these rocks permitted an abundant vegetation of those flowers & grasses met with in this section of this country. The chain line is now running in a S. E. direction along the range of mountains which encloses the Eastern side of the desert. We met an aged Indian, a squaw & papoose Cap S. had made them all very happy by a present of some red station cloth, & what must be of rare occurrence a plentiful meal. These Indians belong to the tribe of Diggers described by Fremont as a race whose life is spent in a continuous & laborious effort to procure the means of a scanty subsistence, however industrious they may be in this respect, they certainly do not devote any time to performing ablutions for I certainly never witnessed a human being so repul- sively dirty as this old semi-brute121 The midges may now be said 12i Such encounters were apparently so common to Carrington that he failed even to mention it. Stansbury, on the other hand, was as intrigued as Hudson and recorded at length: "As we were rowing along the shore, we espied an old Indian, with his squaw and papoose, running down the mountain to hail us. We landed, to inquire of him as to the prospect for water ahead of us; but he could give us no information on this subject. He was a Utah digger, and proved to be the same old fellow who had come to us last autumn, in Spring Valley, and who had engaged to bring in a `give-out' mule which we had left behind, for the promised reward of a new blanket. I questioned him about the mule, but he only laughed and would give me no satisfaction. The poor donkey had doubtless furnished his lodge with meat for the winter. He was an old man, nearly sixty, quite naked, except an old breech-cloth and a tattered pair of moccasins. His wife was in the same condition precisely, minus the moccasins, with a small buckskin strap over her shoulders in the form of a loop, in which, with its little arms clasped around its mother's neck, sat a female child, four or five years old, without any clothing whatever. She was a fine-looking, intelligent little thing, and as plump as a partridge. The mother seemed to evince much affection for it, and was very much pleased when I threw over its shoulders an old piece of scarlet flannel which had been torn from one of the stations by the wind. I noticed, however, that after they left us, and she thought herself out of our sight, the cloth was fluttering from her own person, and the baby was as destitute as ever. I gave them something to eat, and, what I suspect was more welcome, a hearty draught of water. The poor child was almost famished. The old man was armed with a bow and a few arrows, with which he was hunting for ground-squirrels." The impressions left by Fremont, the fur trappers, and other early travelers in the Great Basin of the Digger Indians and their so-called "semibrute" existence have received serious modification in the past several years. The Indians met by the Stansbury party were probably Gosiutes who have been described as "one of the most ecologically efficient groups in North America." Before the coming of the whites they lived rather well. As one scholar says, the trappers and other whites "refused to acknowledge any Indian capacity to survive in this harsh land." Because the Digger Indians were much impoverished by white occupation of the most favored areas of their homeland and by white exploitation of their food resources, the Indians found by the Stansbury party and by other whites after 178
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327863
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327863