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Forty-niner in Utah, page 085

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 098.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 085
Description October 1849-June 1850 "Increase & multiply["] at an unprecedented rate;26 fever & ague which generally depopulates the Western States of the Union are here unknown, the diseases most incidental to this place are nervous complaints, neuralgia from which I have sometimes suffered, a camp life & cold bathing will I trust releive me from this painful annoyance. We have long & cold winters the thermom has stood at 13' below Zero, but the atmosphere being free from hu- midity I have not felt the cold or required such warm clothing as in England. Space failing I must now bring my observations to a close with but few remarks; this people have petitioned the general govemt to be admitted into the Union as an independant State,27 & 26 Mormon theology teaches that in a preexistent state "The population of the earth is fixed according to the number of spirits appointed to take tabernacles of flesh upon this planet; when these have all come forth in the order and time appointed, then, and not till then, shall the end come." Orthodox Latter-day Saints, therefore, do not favor birth control and accept the belief that "the culmination of his [man's] glorious career lies in his leaving posterity to continue, and enhance the triumphs of their sire." The commandment to multiply and replenish the earth is still a strongly held doctrine by Mormon families, and the State of Utah in 1977 reported 29.9 births per thousand as compared to 15.3 per thousand for the average in the United States. James E. Talmage, A Study of the Articles of Faith (Salt Lake City: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1(X9), pp. 194, 443; 1979 Utah Statistical Abstract, University of Utah College of Business, Bureau of Eco- nomic and Business Research (Salt Lake City, 1979), pp. 11-12. 27 The Mormon leaders in February 1849 issued a call for a convention to organize the State of Deseret, adopted a constitution the following month, and held an election. A total of 674 voters chose Brigham Young as governor and other Mormon leaders as state officials, including Hudson's fellow worker on the Stansbury Survey, Albert Carrington, as assessor and collector. In July a Senate of fifteen members was organized, and a House of Representatives was established with thirty members, including Isaac Morley, Hudson's friend and later pioneer leader in Sanpete Valley. The First State Legislative Session began on December $1849, and ended March 2, 1850, during which the assembly established six counties, a county court organization, a Supreme Court, and a general system of juris- prudence. The legislature sent a Memorial to the United States Congress asking for admission as a state and dispatched Almon W. Babbitt to Washington, D.C., as delegate to present the petition. The national congress disregarded the Mormon request but did grant California state- hood. This prompted some anger from Brigham Young and his colleagues as they waited for a disposition of their appeal. The congress of the United States finally granted terri- torial status to Utah on September 9, 1850, and the State of Deseret was formally dissolved on April 5, 1851. But while it was in operation, the State of Deseret "sustained a quiet, yet energetic government, under all the vicissitudes incident to new and untried localities; and . . . of being comparatively free from debt," according to a Mormon state- ment. Dale L. Morgan, The State of Deseret, UHQ 8 (1940):84-113; Stout, On the Mormon Frontier, p. 359; MiIlenniaI Star 12 (1850):244; Manuscript History, September 1850, p. 244, December 1850, p. 119. 85
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327770
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327770