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Forty-niner in Utah, page 073

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 086.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 073
Description October 1849-June 1850 raise food amply sufficient to supply my wants for the year;13 no man having ordinary intelligence can be poor in such a place & then glorious privilege he can be free from the harassments & per- plexities which continually destroy the peace of those who live in an artificial state of society. I am naturally very anxious to hear from you but there is still a risk of your letters reaching me as my movements are uncertain, but at all hazards write Direct the letters to the care of the President of the City of the Great Salt Lake'" & I shall at some time have the coveted pleasure of reading what I trust will be messengers of good tidings. You know that I love you & pray to God to bless you with all blessings both in this world & the world to come. Yours in the best of All bonds even Jesus Christ John Hudson 40 to 50 bushels to the acre of good wheat of which they have many varieties." By the fall of 1849, 17,000 acres were under cultivation and 130,000 bushels of cereals had been har- vested, enough to feed the 4,200 people in the valley, the 1,600 additional Mormons who came from the east and California, and the 500 Gentiles who spent the winter in Salt Lake City. By this time agricultural land was selling for $6.50 per acre. The census of 1850 reported a yield of 128,711 bushels of grain gathered from 16,333 acres with 6,000 people in Salt Lake City and a total of 11,354 in the entire Territory of Utah. Before the grain was cut in 1850, flour sold for $1.00 per pound but dropped to $25.00 per 100 pounds after the harvest. Bryant S. Knowlton, "The Early History of Agriculture in Utah" (master's thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1941), pp. 81-92; Leonard J. Arrington, Great Basin Kingdom: An Economic History of the Latter-day Saints, 1830-7900 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958), p. 66; Calvin Taylor, "Overland to California in 1850: The Journal of Calvin Taylor," ed. Burton J. Williams, UHQ 38 (1970):327. I3 The assignment of lots in Salt Lake City began on September 24, 1848, when Brigham Young and his councillor, Heber C. Kimball, began to apportion lots, usually by lottery, "equal according to circumstances, wants and needs." Of the $1.50 paid for each lot, $1.00 went to the surveyor and !&SO to the clerk for recording it. The early allocations were written out on pieces of paper, two by three inches in size, and while unmarried men were not eligible for lots, polygamists could receive a lot for each family. Hudson, there- fore, was not entitled to a lot if the rule were strictly followed. The agricultural land was distributed in similar fashion as Gentile emigrant Silas Newcomb explained, "The land is free to anyone who will till it whether a Mormon or not. A man can control but a certain amount of land which he cannot sell." Arrington, Great Basin Kingdom, pp. 51-52; Millennial Star 11 (1849):228; Silas Newcomb, "Journal of a Trip to California in 1850," p. 117, Utah State Historical Society, Salt Lake City. I4 In asking that his letters be sent in care of the "President of the City of the Great Salt Lake," Hudson was following a custom he had known in England where mail was directed to an individual in care of a government official. 73
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327758
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327758