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Forty-niner in Utah, page 087

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 100.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 087
Description October 1849~June 1850 Lord, assembled in a building capable of holding nearly 2000 the people have been admonished & instructed by the Elders their Conference is held during this month & Octob & is convened for the purpose of appointing missionaries & other business of the like nature which is sanctioned by the unanimous opinion signified by lifting the hand of all assembled.32 Dr Blake who I have discovered to be a cousin to the Rev J. A James unites with me in presenting our respects to him, so that even west of the Rocky Mountains there are at least two who revere the name of your truly Christian Pastor. Dr Blake with whom I am on excellent terms is of opinion that were I in my present state of health to go to the mines my when it began to relinquish its prerogatives to the Assembly of the new State of Deseret, the council had passed over 130 ordinances. The first 5 such laws, adopted December 27, 1847, dealt with the following crimes: (I) vagabonds to be put to work cultivating the earth, (2) disorderly persons or disturbers of the peace to receive not to exceed thirty-nine lashes on the bare back or a fine at the discretion of the judge, (3) for adultery or forni- cation, the guilty person to receive up to thirty-nine lashes or a fine not to exceed $1,000, (4) for stealing, robbing, or housebreaking, the guilty person to receive up to thirty-nine lashes and to restore the stolen property fourfold, and (5) for drunkenness, swearing, or cursing, the guilty person to be fined up to $25.00. One traveler through the city commented on the last ordinance, "if addicted to profane language, don't stop in Salt Lake City, unless you would like to be trotted off to the Magistrates, and pay a fine of five dollars and costs for every offense. There are persons always about ready to inform on you, and have you fined." John Hudson's charge that a thief could lose his head for his transgression is not wholly borne out by ordinance no. 4, nor by the later regulation adopted by the Assembly of the State of Deseret which decreed that a person guilty of armed robbery would be "fined or imprisoned, or both, at the discretion of the court." A correspondent of the Pittsburgh Gazette, writing from Salt Lake City on July 22, 1849, did report, "They are very strict in the administration of justice. One of their number stole a pair of boots from an emigrant. He was sentenced to pay four times their value, and fined 50 dollars, and was compelled to work 50 days on the public road. One of the men was sentenced to death for borrowing some property from a neighbor and selling it; but finally, owing to the inter- cession of his family, his sentence was commuted to banishment." Also, Hosea Stout recorded the case of Ira E. West charged with "lying, stealing & swindling" who was offered for sale so that he could work out his debts. At first no one offered to take him and for "awhile the prospect was fair for him to loose his head. His brother C. West took him at last." Jesse W. Crosby, Journal, pp. 38-39, Utah State Historical Society; Morgan, State of Deseret, pp. 75-76,217; Stout, On the Mormon Frontier, vol. 2, p. 348. 32 From the early days of the Mormon church, the leadership has held semi-annual general conferences in April, as near as possible to April 6 which marks the date on which the church was organized, and in the first part of October. The conferences are to instruct the membership and, in pioneer Utah, to send out missionaries and to call families to settle new areas of the West. Occasionally the date was changed, as in the fall of 1850, when the "annual fall Conference was commenced on the 6th of September, one month earlier than usual, so that the brethren who were obliged to go to the States, need not be exposed on their travels so late in the season." Manuscript History, September 1850, p. 91. 87
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327772
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327772