Forty-niner in Utah, page 084

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Identifier 097.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 084
Description Frontier Utah the City at the foot of a precipitous mountain, from out a crevice in the rock issues the stream which falling into a little basin makes the most delightful bath possible. Last Eveng as I lay with the warm water up to my chin, luxuriating in the comfortable sensa- tions which the bath induces, my pleasure was heightened by the contemplation of a more glorious sunset than even Italy can boast, arraying the distant mountains in such colors as we see in some creation of the Painters fancy but which we in more sober mood consider exaggerated. One of the first acts & it is recorded to their credit of the legislature, was to vote $6,000 for the erection of a bath house adjoining this spring for the benefit of the Public.25 This is a remarkably healthy Country & in proportion to the number of inhabitants but very few deaths occur, it is a rare place for rearing children & the people are fulfilling the Creators first injunction 25 Mormon and Gentile diaries concerned with descriptions of Salt Lake City almost invariably mentioned the Warm Springs and the Hot Springs just west and north of the city revealing a real fascination with their curative and pleasurable qualities. Two days after the Pioneer Party led by Brigham Young entered Salt Lake Valley, the Mormon leader and some of his associates bathed in the Warm Springs' "pleasant and refreshing" waters which an early chronicler thought "especially beneficial to those who had been afflicted with mountain fever." One Gentile traveler, John H. Benson, visited the springs on July 26, 1850, and described the twenty-foot pool formed by the water as being "clear as crystal." He and his associates placed two of their ill companions in the water-"We rubbed them down and then left them to soak. They both expressed themselves as feeling much better." The Warm Springs have been known to modern bathers as the Wasatch Hot Springs and a careful analysis shows the water to be strongly impregnated with sodium chloride and some sulphur and with an average temperature of 105 degrees although early accounts placed the degree of heat at about 92 degrees. These springs lie on the northwest edge of the city while the Hot Springs (today's Beck's Hot Springs) are two miles farther north and differ from the former in having an average temperature of 130 degrees. Margaret Clawson described the arrangements made for public bathing in the early years of the city, "we could have two free baths a week . . . President Young made the rule that Tuesdays and Fridays should be women's day, and no peeping Toms allowed. The other days were the mens. . . . The banks of the pool was our dressing rooms." By March 22, 1851, the local Deseret News was advertising the "Deseret Bathing House" which was selling tickets by the quarter, half year, or year: for a single person per quarter-$0.50; up to families of 16 to 24 persons per quarter-$3.50; "families to furnish their own towels." Whitney, History of Utah, vol. 1, p. 336; John H. Benson, "From St. Joseph to Sacramento By a Forty Niner," pp. 53-54, Special Collections Department, Marriott Library, University of Utah; J. C. Mundorff, Major Thermal Springs of Utah, University of Utah College of Mines and Minerals Industries, Utah Geological and Min- eralogical Survey, Water-Resources Bulletin 13 (Salt Lake City, 1970), pp. 23-24; Frontier Guardian, 8 January 1851; Margaret Gay Judd Clawson, "Rambling Reminiscences," fd. 1, p. 95, L.D.S. Archives; Manuscript History, December 1850, p. 122. 84
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327769
Reference URL