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Forty-niner in Utah, page 125

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 154.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 125
Description April-June 1850 the water surface in a very short time from the Bonneville to the Provo level. The Stansbury survey found the mean depth of the Great Salt Lake to be 13 feet with a maximum depth of 36 feet.26 The surface of Great Salt Lake has fluctuated within a range of 20 feet since the arrival of the Mormon pioneers in Salt Lake Valley. In 1847 the lake level was about 4,200 feet above mean sea level; it rose about 5 feet by 1855 but was back at 4,200 feet by 1860. Then, a precipitous rise over the next decade raised the level by almost 12 feet to 4,211.5 feet which heightened fears that the water would flood farm lands and the center of Salt Lake City. An exploration was made to determine if the water could be "spilled" from the lake into the salt flats to the west. Then the water began to fall and 31 years later, in 1905, reached a low of 4,196 feet, a decline of almost 16 feet. After several fluctuations, the lake then dropped to a historic low of 4,191.35 feet in 1963, but by 1976 was back up 11 feet to slightly above 4,202 feet. By 1978 the surface was at 4,200 feet, the same level as when the pioneers arrived 131 years before. Again in 1976, the high water led to investigations as to the feasibility of pumping water to the desert in the west to lower the level of the lake."' On April 3, 1850, Albert Carrington, however, found only eight inches of water "in a narrow belt" covering the sand bar leading to Antelope Island when he drove the first wagon across to inaugurate the official exploration of Great Salt Lake. Stansbury and Gunnison had their troubles, in a different way, with low water in the Jordan River in trying to row or drag the yawl down to a spot where it could be launched on the inland sea. The com- bined parties camped on April 4 near Garr's herd camp at what Carrington designated Camp No. 1.28 26 Grove K. Gilbert, Luke Bonneville, United States Geological Survey, Mono- graphs, Volume 1 (Washington, DC., 1890), pp. 17, 94, 105-6, 127, 134, 170, 173, 175, 230. 27 J. Wallace Gwynn, ed., Great Salt Lake: a Scientific, Historical and Economic Overview, Utah Department of Natural Resources, Utah Geological and Mineral Survey, Bulletin 116 (Salt Lake City, 1980), pp. 160-61. 28 Albert Carrington, Journal, 3-4 April, p. 1, Record Group 77, "Records of the Office of the Chief Engineers," Field Survey Notes, National Archives; Gunnison, Journal, vol. 3, 3-4 April. 125
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327810
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327810