Forty-niner in Utah, page 016

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Identifier 029.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 016
Description An Englishman in New York City My dear Father/ New York Nov. l/48 "Fansy my feelinx" as Jeames says, occasioned by the welcome sight of your well known hand upon the little pile of m.s.s.; as may be supposed after being ignorant for nearly three months of your history. I was very anxious to learn & very happy to find that nothing had occurred of any material consequence; the maxim "Happy is the Country whose history is not interesting," will I hope in this case apply to yourself & dear Family; but seriously I am indeed thankful & rejoiced that you have enjoyed better health & trust that you may be long spared to us a valued Father, and as I often feel very proud to acknowledge our dearest Friend. Uncles kind letter was gladly received by me & the Knowledge that both he & yourself approve of my conduct is no small stimulant & en- couragement. Please tell him that I received his letter of Ott 13- the day after I sent my answer to his first & also mention that he had better use a thinner paper as the postage upon this amounted to 72 Cts.21 with reference to the paper you intimate that you would 21 To save postage Hudson, along with many other letter-writers of the time, adopted the practice of continuing his missives by writing at right angles over a page already filled. Prior to the 1840s both the United States and European countries assessed high rates for letters with the charge to be collected, not from the sender, but from the recipient, C.O.D. It cost an American citizen 34 cents for a letter to Bremen, 52 cents to Vienna, and 70 cents to Stockholm. British rates were also high, "24 cents a single rate, prepaid or not." The Birmingham Post Office regulations for 1848-49 decreed that if a letter exceeded four ounces in weight, "it must be pre-paid in money or stamps.-If not pre-paid will not be fomarded. " In America postal conditions were even worse. For example, in 1843 it cost 18% cents to send a letter from New York City to Troy, New York, but only 121/2 cents to send a barrel of flour over the same route. Such exorbitant rates led ingenious Americans to send their letters by friends, to write messages on newspapers which traveled at cheaper rates, to underline words in newspapers to escape detection, or, better still, to make tiny pin- holes in words selected from news articles. Despite angry expostulations from citizens, United States postal authorities in 1849 increased the price of a letter to the Pacific Coast from 10 cents to 40 cents, "to profit from the gold rush-so it was charged." The Frontier Guardian of Kanesville, Iowa, complained on March 7, 1849, "Some have thought it very hard and extortionate to be obliged to pay 40 cents postage on a letter from the Salt Lake here." Under increasing pressure from the gold diggers in California and their folks back home, Congress, in March of 1851 finally was forced to adopt a flat rate of 3 cents for pre- paid mail and S cents for C.O.D. mail for a letter weighing not more than half an ounce if it did not travel over 3,000 miles. But during 1849 and 1850, John Hudson faced high postal charges, first across the continent to New York and then across the Atlantic to England, at a time when a fair wage for a laboring man was only $1.50 a day. Matthew J. Bowyer, They Carried the Mail (New York: Robert B. Lute, Inc., 1972), pp. 23-26; Wayne 16
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327701
Reference URL