Forty-niner in Utah, page 069

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Identifier 082.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 069
Description October 1849~June 1850 living in different ways until later in the Season & have since started upon a Southern route of 1600 miles for the mines, leaving me still too unwell to accompany them8 to recruit my health & the leadership of George and Jacob Donner. Along the trail they picked up other emi- grants until there were approximately two hundred in the group. Separating at Fort Bridger, the larger number chose to follow the main trail via Fort Hall while eighty-seven turned off to cross the Great Salt Lake Desert on Hastings Cutoff. Losing a month in the process and with weakened animals, they reached the Sierra Nevadas late in the fall and, badly confused and d isorganized, encountered an early snow storm which forced them into camp on the shores of Donner Lake. As extreme cold and starvation descended, they were reduced to cannibalism, and only forty-five survived to reach the California settle- ments. There were incidents of sordid cowardice and selfishness but also acts of courage and determined persistence to survive. The ten men of the Colony Guard Company who decided to continue the journey to California across the Hastings Cutoff were led by John McNulty and on September 17 they again met up with the Bruff Company on the Humboldt River. Bruff described the meeting: "While riding along this level bottom, I had observed a pack company travelling down the opposite side of the stream, about `/4 mile off, where the mountains were crowding them off: and soon saw the advance fording the stream.-These I thought might be my esteem'd friends-the Pegrims and party: But turned out to be my New York friends McNulty, Fowler, Glynn, & 8 comrades; the others-some 12 or 15, were strangers, but intelligent gentlemen, from Milwaukee. McNulty informed me, that he had gone to Salt Lake, where the[y] left many of his old company-the `Colony Guards,' sick; and had come from there by the central route, and experienced great sufferings, on the long desert of `U taria.' He had heard of us in the morning, and seeing the blue wagons of my train, thought it was.- We had a very cordial greeting. The remainder of the Colony Guards were to remain and take a Southern route from Salt Lake City into California, under the guidance of some Mormons." In another account, Bruff corrected the above by noting that "there was only 8 N. Yorkers, remainder [stayed] at Salt Lake, to take a South route, guided by some Mormons." Bruff's company and the Colony Guard men met several other times on the road to California. Captain J. McNulty finally reached California in the fall of 1849 and the Sacramento Transcript of April 18, 1850, advertised, "Dr. J. McNulty of New York City, would respectfully inform his friends that he has opened a Medical Office on K street, third door from Front, and hopes by prompt attention to receive a share of public patronage." Later in the same year, June 6, 1850, the Transcript carried this announcement, "For Sale-Shares in Ophir on the Feather river, and some of the most desirable lots in Pacific City, at the mouth of the Columbia river, Oregon- for sale by the subscriber, at his office, where a map of the above named towns can be seen. Dr. J. McNulty." Evidently, the gold which McNulty hoped to find in the Pacific Eldorado was surer if pursued as a result of his medical career or from speculation in real estate. George R. Stewart, Ordeal by Hunger: The Story of the Dormer Party (Boston:Houghton Mifflin, 1960); Bruff, GoId Rush, pp. 141-43, 161, 588, 638; Charles Kelly, "Gold Seekers on the Hastings Cutoff," UHQ 20 (1952):10-11. 8 The thirteen members of the Colony Guard who traveled to California on the southern route by way of the Old Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, became involved in a complex story of several parties of emigrants. Some were members of the party who left the name Death Valley in the desolate region through which they struggled after the loss of several of their comrades. Because several hundred gold-seekers reached Salt Lake City too late to follow Hastings Cutoff and then cross the Sierra Nevadas, and because, from the point of view of the Mormon leaders "This threatened a famine of bread in Salt Lake Valley," a Mormon guide, Jefferson Hunt, offered to lead a party to southern California 69
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327754
Reference URL