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Forty-niner in Utah, page 051

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Identifier /tanner/image/forty_niner.xml
Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format image/png
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x

Page Metadata

Identifier 064.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 051
Description March-May 1849 idea may be formed of the rough miry state of the road when I mention that it took 10 hours to travel 20 miles. At 5, oclock we halted & procured at a log house a meal answering both for dinner & supper & then started with the view of spending the night in the stages; We kept ascending momentarily expecting an upset & about midnight during a violent snow storm we were 5,OOO ft above the level of the sea. Sunday We bade a welcome farewell to the stages & transferred ourselves to a steam boat for Pitsburgh'" here we remained all day & at 11 at night the boat started. We procured mattrasses & stretched upon the deck of the cabin with our over coats for a pillow despite the noise & closeness we soon obtained a repose that was much needed? About 7 on Monday morning we arrived at Pitsburgh the Bir- mingham of America for smoky dirtyness it certainly beats the English hardware village. I never saw a place so black & uninviting Dickens description of this City is a very fair one. This night the 3d occasion in 6 we enjoyed the luxury of a bed even this novelty is not without charm it smacks of adventure & is a good initiation 1s This last leg of the journey involved passage over the Appalachians by stagecoach for a distance of seventy-two miles, through Frostburg, Maryland, and Uniontown, Pennsylvania, to Brownsville, Pennsylvania, located at the intersection of the National Road with the Monongahela River. The National Road Stage Company operated the stage lines on this segment of the road and on to Wheeling and Columbus, Ohio. Their "Troy" stage carried nine passengers. Hudson's specific mention of only one passenger being allowed to ride on the box seat outside was the result of a long-held custom that the driver or "Jehu" determined whether a customer should have the honor of sharing the seat with him and which particular passenger that should be. Both Earle and Jordan give excellent descriptions of travel on the road including tavern hospitality, meals, accidents, and other "Pains of Stage-coach Travel. " Brownsville had an 1850 population of 2,202 whites and 167 "free colored" and had seven churches, one bank, two foundries, two machine shops, three paper mills, one rail manufactory, three glass factories, and two piano manufac- tories. A traveler had the option of continuing by stage on to Wheeling or by steamboat down the Monongahela to Pittsburgh. Jordan, National Road, pp. 177-204; Earle, Stage- coach and Tavern Days; Seventh Census; Sherman Day, Historical Collections of the State of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia: George W. Gorton, 1849) p. 340; Dunbar, Travel in America, p. 1113. I6 The steamboat trip down the Monongahela was longer than the SO-mile "as the crow flies" distance between Brownsville and Pittsburgh, and low-water made the journey somewhat risky. From Baltimore, Hudson and his companions had traveled 290 miles by railroad, stagecoach, and steamboat, at a cost in money of ten dollars each and in time of thirty-four hours. Dunbar, Travel in America, p. 1113; U.S., Department of Interior, Geological Survey, The National Atlas of the United States of America (IWO), p. 8; Wayland Fuller Dunaway, A History of Pennsylvania (New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1935), p. 677. 51
Format image/png
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327736
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6v1242x/327736