Forty-niner in Utah, page 065

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Title A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Jounral of John Hudson, 1848-50
Creator Hudson, John, 1826-1850
Subject Frontier and pioneer life; Letters; Diaries -- Authorship; Mormons
Subject Local Mormons --Utah--Biography; Frontier and pioneer life --Utah; West (U.S.) --Description and travel; Utah --Description and travel
Description John Hudson, artist and writer, chronicles his travels from New York City across the Plains towards California to partake in the Gold Rush. What was to have been a temporary stop in Salt Lake City stretches to sixteen months and includes participation in Captain Howard Stansbury's expedition of the Great Salt Lake.
Publisher Tanner Trust Fund University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
Contributors Madsen, Brigham D.; Cooley, Everett L.; Tyler, S. Lyman; Ward, Margery W.
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Relation Is part of: Utah, the Mormons, and the West, no. 11
Coverage Time: 1848-50
Rights Management University of Utah, Copyright 2001
Holding Institution J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah.
Source Physical Dimensions 14.75 cm x 23 cm
Source Characteristics Printed Hard Cover Book
Scanning Technician Karen Edge
Metadata Cataloger Kenning Arlitsch; Jan Robertson
ARK ark:/87278/s6v1242x
Topic Mormons; Frontier and pioneer life; United States, West; Utah; Letters; Diaries--Authorship
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-20
Date Modified 2011-04-07
ID 327931
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Identifier 078.gif
Title Forty-niner in Utah, page 065
Description October 1849~June 1850 addition we rode upon these combinations of all that is stupid spiteful & obstinate;2 for some little time I enjoyed the change the novelty of this predatory mode of life, at daybreak we left our tents & were busy round the Camp fire preparing breakfast, our stores did not admit of much variety, Coffee bacon & hard biscuit forming the staple of our provisions, the weather soon became very hot the thermometer rising to 100' & 110 this is rendered increasingly oppressive by the entire absence of shade upon this drinking a set of regular, and some volunteer toasts. The ladies honored us with their presence on the occasion; and to them we were indebted for several pounds of dried apples, and decent pastry. . . . This humble attempt to celebrate the day, with the most limited means, 3,470 miles from our homes." (A Feu de joie is a firing of guns in token of a joyous occasion and is accomplished by the right-hand man of a line discharging his rifle, followed in turn by the man on his left, to the end of the line, each man firing his weapon within a few seconds after that of the one next to him.) Four days after the celebration of the Fourth, one of the Bruff company died of cholera, a fate which John Hudson narrowly escaped if, in fact, he had the dread disease. In the description Bruff gave of the burial, some members of the Colony Guard Company participated in the last rites. The two eastern groups apparently saw one another two other times before parting company. Bruff recorded on July 9: "We are close on the rear of our worthy friends,-the N. Yorkers. Foothills of the Rocky Mountains ahead." They were now within a few miles of Fort Laramie. On July 12, Bruff wrote, "The N. Yorkers passed us." The two companies were here just entering the Laramie Mountains. The party led by Bruff took Sublette's Cutoff just beyond South Pass while the Colony Guard went on to Fort Bridger and through the Wasatch Mountains to Salt Lake City. In his letter of April 2, 1850, Hudson says, "The view from the Passenger Canon 16 miles from the city, where we first catch a glimpse of the valley is transcendantly beautiful." This would indicate that the Colony Guard entered Salt Lake Valley by way of Emigration Canyon arriving sometime in August. "The Jefferson Map," in J. Roderic Korns, ed., West From Fort Bridger: The Pioneering of the Immigrant Trails Across Utah, 18461850, Utah Historical Quarterly 19 (1951):177-85; Stewart, California Trail, p. 261; J. Goldsborough Bruff, Gold Rush: The Journals, Drawings, and Other Papers of 1. Goldsborough Bruff, April 2, 1849-July 20, 2851, eds., Georgia Willis Read and Ruth Gaines (New York: Columbia University Press, 1949), pp. xxv, 21-23, 25, 29, 32-33, 35, 39, 141, 587, 591, 593, 638; MerrillJ. Mattes, The Great Platte River Road: The Covered Wagon Mainline Via Fort Kearny To Fort Laramie (Omaha: Nebraska State Historical Society, 1969), pp. 140-41, 204. 2 Hudson would no doubt have agreed with Henry J. Coke whose trip across the plains in 1850 reflects the same frustration with mules, "What perverse brutes these mules are! It is evident to me they do all they can to torment one, intentionally. . . . If ever I do meet a mule after I have done with them this trip, may I be doomed to pack him if I don't pull his tail till his nose bleeds. Eh, the beasts! How I hate `em!" The frontier arguments over the respective merits and demerits of oxen, mules, or horses as draft animals kept many a campfire lively along the western trails. George R. Stewart estimated that the first third of the 1849 gold rushers along the trail used about fifty-five percent horse teams, twenty-five percent mule teams, and twenty percent ox teams while four-fifths of the later travelers pushed along with ox teams. Henry J. Coke. A Ride Over the Rocky Mountains to Oregon and California (London: Richard Bentley, 1852), pp. 281-82; Stewart, California Trail, pp. 113, 298. 65
Format application/pdf
Source A Forty-niner in Utah with the Stansbury Exploration of Great Salt Lake: Letters and Journal of John Hudson, 1848-50
Setname uum_ttb
Date Created 2005-04-14
Date Modified 2005-04-14
ID 327750
Reference URL