||30 EDWIN B. FIRMAGE I fear. I fear our fear. When national leaders see evil empires outside their own souls the bully pulpits of their office are used to create national paranoia and hatred rather than understanding and love. This, more than objectively evil leaders and nations, more than economic causes of war, is what fuels arms racing and leads to war. The English, a decade before World War I, had a fear of German invasion unrealistically out of all perspective of reality. A committee of inquiry was appointed in 1908 to study the likelihood of German invasion.50 English playwrights wrote of fictional invasions. In 1909 Guy du Maurier's play, An Englishman's Home, recounted an invasion by "The Emperor of the North" and played to packed houses for months.51 This fear precipitated a naval buildup. This same phenomenon existed in Germany. The Germans were fed on the notion that England planned invasion.52 Fears of German vulnerability and inferiority were fed by national leaders as startlingly mediocre as were found in the other states of the time and as may be found today. The kind of patriotism which is actually marked by profound self-doubt fed a macho pride in national strength. This led to arms racing, the corporate equivalent to our idolization of Clint Eastwood and Sylvester Stallone rather than Jesus, Gandhi, or Francis of Assisi as our role models. The English, understandably and predictably, did not see the German rearmament as reflecting their own fear, but rather as confirmation of the worst English suspicions as to the intent, indeed, the very nature of the Germans. The English responded to German arms increases with their own naval buildup, characterized most completely by the building of HMS Dreadnought. This monster ship, the forerunner of modern battleships, was not unlike one brought out of mothballs recently with beautifully accurate symbolic revelation of self by this administration. This in turn frightened the devil into the Germans, who found their worst suspicions about the English confirmed and they therefore redoubled their own efforts. And so on.53 50 B. Tuchman, The Proud Tower 445 (New York: MacMillan, 1966). 51 Id. at 446. 52 See id., England The Foe and England's Plan to Fall Upon Us (1911). 53 See also B. Tuchman, The Guns of August 21, 40 et. seq. (New York: MacMillan, 1962), and R. White, Fearful Warriors (New York: Free Press, 1984).