||ENDS AND MEANS IN CONFLICT 9 duce remaining weaponry by 10% a year, until every nuclear weapon is gone.10 The second arms race of technology can be blunted, if not stopped in its tracks, by a complete test ban. We simply do not deploy what we cannot test. It is a national disgrace and an indication of the utter bankruptcy of national leadership to its world-wide responsibility that we have not accepted repeated Soviet offers to end all nuclear testing, offers punctuated by their unilateral moratorium on nuclear testing for over one year. Only when there has been significant movement to curtail these two parts of the nuclear arms race will we and the Soviet Union possess sufficient moral power to enable us, with the huge majority of people and nations of the world in agreement, to demand as part of enforceable international law the final end, nationwide, to any further testing, development or transfer of nuclear weapons or the material and technology to construct such weaponry.11 But there is still time, I believe, to do this if we act now. If we do not, we face a bleak world of deterministic catastrophe, a tragedy of classic form and cosmic consequence. A vital part of the evolution of human society has been the implementation of peaceful means of resolving disputes in place of brute force and violence.12 These are the means - not nuclear weapons - by which we preserve the peace. International law, diplomacy and political leadership which inspires us with vision rather than degrading us by constant appeals to our basest fears of other people are the means congruent with the end of world peace. Arms racing and war are acts of savagery which debase and destroy people. Militarization of this Republic is a threat to the nature of our society whether war ever occurs. 10 See supra note 8; Firmage, Vladivostock and Beyond: SALT I and the Prospects for SALT II, 14 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law (1975). 11 See Firmage, The Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 63 American Journal of International Law 711 (1969). 12 Firmage, Fact-Finding in the Resolution of International Disputes: From the Hague Peace Conferences to the United Nations, 1971 Utah Law Review 421; Firmage & Blakesley, J. Reuben Clark and International Law, in R. Hillam (ed.), J. Reuben Clark: Diplomat & Statesman (1973).