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Title Ends and means in conflict
Subject Nuclear warfare--Moral and ethical aspects; War--Moral and ethical aspects; War--Religious aspects; War and emergency powers--United States; Ends and means
Description The 49th Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Firmage, Edwin Brown
Publisher Division of Continuing Education, University of Utah
Date 1987-10-15
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier,1147
Source U263 .F57 1987
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Ends and means in conflict," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6x34vfm
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-31
ID 320434
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page 25
Description ENDS AND MEANS IN CONFLICT 25 democratic government. Perhaps such means of conducting government are simply impossible without the corruption of an open and democratic form of government. We get very little data for our governance by illegal and clandestine means. The huge majority of intelligence obtained by the CIA or DIA are obtained by means relatively open and within the law. Foreign literature is read, electronic media are monitored, private and formal diplomatic intercourse occurs between people of different counties, and professional groups correspond across increasingly porous national boundaries. More exotic, but not unambiguously illegal, spy satellites report constantly on troop movements, weapons deployment, treaty adherence, crop conditions and even industrial production. A most serious question exists whether the tiny percentage of our data that we obtain by clandestine or illegal means is worth the cost to the integrity of our system of government, open and lawful. Often this information is in error, the product of people too long in a business where paranoia becomes a way of life. The data we need to conduct good government, I believe, can be acquired almost always by means that are open and within both law and morality. The belief that the world is a jungle and therefore we must behave like animals is self-fulfilling. Furthermore, illegal and immoral clandestine attempts at assassination, coups, terrorism and acts of war come back on us to corrupt our own society. People trained in such activities performed central roles in the Vietnam War, in Watergate and in the Iran-Contra crisis. Nothing in human nature distinguishes our terrorists from those employed by Iran or Lebanon. Only our much stronger and older traditions of democratic, constitutional government stop such people from running away with the state.This happened in Germany in the 1930s and in Iran in our own time. Only our fidelity to the means (not so much the ends) of our government prevents it here. We must not allow the deliberate deception of Congress even when more than a few members would be quite happy to be deceived or ignorant of what we do. Congressional control over the war power is absolutely essential. Congress must govern the armed forces. The president, as Commander-in-Chief in time of peace, should be on a very short leash. There is purpose in open debate in Congress, before us all, as we develop and implement foreign policy. To expect bipartisan sup-
Format application/pdf
Identifier 028-RNLT- firmageE_ Page 25.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Ends and means in conflict by Edwin B. Firmage.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320409
Reference URL