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Title Ends and means in conflict
Subject Nuclear warfare--Moral and ethical aspects; War--Moral and ethical aspects; War--Religious aspects; War and emergency powers--United States; Ends and means
Description The 49th Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Firmage, Edwin Brown
Publisher Division of Continuing Education, University of Utah
Date 1987-10-15
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier,1147
Source U263 .F57 1987
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Ends and means in conflict," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6x34vfm
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-31
ID 320434
Reference URL

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Title Page 10
Description 10 EDWIN B. FIRMAGE II. The Way We Go to War The death of a multitude is a cause for mourning: Conduct your triumph as a funeral. Lao Tzu13 There is nothing that war has ever achieved we could not achieve without it. Havelock Ellis14 Possessing nuclear weapons does not necessarily mean that they will be used. Over a long enough time, perhaps, this may not be true. And enormous problems - ethical, spiritual, political - exist simply because we possess such weapons. But such weapons exist. We have no power to reconsider the decision to develop nuclear weapons. The control of such weaponry while we work toward their abolition, therefore, is critically important. Most issues of command, control and security of weapons are ignored here so that we might examine broader ethical, political and constitutional questions. These questions of the way we go to war are not caused by, nor are they unique to, nuclear weaponry. But the existence of nuclear weapons and missile delivery systems should precipitate renewed analysis of the adequacy of eighteenth century ideas on the ways we decide for war or peace. Most people who have studied the subject believe that nuclear war, if it comes, will result from conventional war going strongly against one or the other side, both possessing nuclear weapons. First use would occur as the losing side attempted to save itself. Hence, the way we go to war is vital to the nuclear question. One facet of the brilliance of the Constitution was its focus upon procedural means rather than substantive ends. This does not mean that the Constitution is value-free for it certainly is not. But the Framers realized, consciously or intuitively, that any time of spiritual or political uniformity of values was at an end. If, indeed, any such time really existed, we no longer possessed one way, or one dominant way, of seeing the world and the cosmos and our place in the scheme of things. A series of revolutions - and in these cases the word though often misused was appropriate - had ended whatever really existed of monolithic metaphysics and ethics. The Copernican 13 See supra, note 1. 14 Haveock Ellis, Selected Essays 221 (footnote) (J.M, Dent & Sons, Ltd., 1936).
Format application/pdf
Identifier 013-RNLT- firmageE_ Page 10.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Ends and means in conflict by Edwin B. Firmage.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320394
Reference URL