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Statehood

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Title Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 14
Subject Pioneers
Description Stories and poems about early Southern Utah Pioneers
Publisher Snow College
Date 1982
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Language eng
Rights Management Snow College
Holding Institution Snow College
ARK ark:/87278/s6wh2n45
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-03-01
Date Modified 2005-03-01
ID 325496
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6wh2n45

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Title Statehood
Description STATEHOOD Norma Smith Wanlass Manti, UT 84642 Non- Professional Division First Honorable Mention Historical Essay Before admitting Utah to the Union, the United States Congress turned down six statehood petitions fron the terri-tory, and the six petitions are only the efforts that got as far as Washington. For 45 years Mormons deliberated, peti-tioned, politicked and intrigued almost constantly to achieve it. Why should statehood be successful in 1895 and a failure in 1849, 1856, 1862, 1872, and 1887? The answer: Polygamy.1 If Congress had admitted the State as in the original petition almost all of Utah and Nevada, as well as large parts of Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, California and Oregon, were within the boundaries of Deseret. It took Congress two years to decide what to do. When it finally acted, it rejected the petition for statehood, in-stead creating the Territory of Utah. As a Territory, the Mormon settlers were less able to control their own affairs than they would have been as a state.2 When the Mormons came to Utah it was still in Mexico, yet part of the problem was that the Mormons had settled the land without authority of the United States government. They granted tracts to their members to farm, and gave vast water and timber rights to their leaders to administer to the com-munity. Because they held their land without title from the United States, some gentiles claimed the property of their Mormon neighbors. This resulted in court battles and street fights.3 Women were given the right to vote in Utah in 1870, the first in the nation to exercise that right. The first votes cast by women in municipal elections in the United States were in Salt Lake City. In the Edmunds-Tucker Act of 1887, Congress revoked the right of women to vote-to reduce the political power of the Mormons.4 Stiff new penalties were prescribed for polygamy by the Edmunds Act, and co-habltation with more than one wife was defined as a separate criminal offense. Over 1200 persons -42-
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 056_Statehood.jpg
Source Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 14
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-02-19
Date Modified 2005-02-19
ID 325442
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6wh2n45/325442