||69 Sec. l6. Every executor, before entering upon the dis-Executors> charge of his duties, must give bonds in such penalty and °n andoAfh* securities as the Judge of the court approves, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duties, and take and subscribe an oath to the same import, which oath and bond shall be filed in the Probate Court's office. New bonds and increased penalties, and new securities may be required whenever the court shall deem it necessary or expedient. Sec. 11. The court when there is any necessary delay in granting a commission to any executor to act, may, in its discretion, appoint one or more special executors, toa . . 11 i rr j-i i /. M n ii Special execu- collect and preserve the property ot the deceased, whotors. shall qualify as above required. All executors shall make out and file an inventory of all the estate and effects, person-inventory, al and real, belonging to such estate in the Probate Courts office within thirty days from the date of his commission. Upon granting full administration the powers of special executors shall cease, and all the business shall be transferred to the general executor.. Sec. 12. Nothing herein shall be so construed, when the interest of creditors are not prejudiced therby, as toSCriUniiesPfor hinder the testator or the court prescribing t}ie manner of^J!n.dinWthe . ,. , a, . r T ¦" o ¦ ,. . , . affairs of the winding up the affairs of the estates, or continuing hisestate* business in which the deceased was engaged at the time of his death, in order to wind up his affairs with greater advantage to the interest of the estate. Sec. 13. All personal property of the deceased mustAppraigeme(1i be appraised by appraisers appointed by the court, and ifof property, any portion of such property be in another county, the aame appraisers may serve, or others may be appointed by the court or by a disinterested Justice of the Peace of such county, and a supplemental inventory and appraisement must be made out whenever the existence of other property is discovered. Sec 14. When the deceased leaves a wife or family, pro ert *o property exempt by law from execution, shall be con-go/v^fforth« aidered assets, or administered upon, but shall be heldj}y"efiu*fem lor the exclusive benefit of the wife or family, and shall *$t be liable for any debts against the estate.