||II ARTICLE TL Ail debts contracted and engagements into, before the adoptior of this Constitution, be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the confederation. This Constitution, and the laws of the. UnitedJJJ^^g States which shall be made in pursuance thereofjpwmei»w. and all treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby; anything in the Constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. The Senators and Representatives before men-°£th of i>ublic -i it i/». r* -r officers. tioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall everNo religious be required as a qualification to any office or public9S trust uuder the United States. ARTICLE VII. The ratification of the conventions of nineRatification. States, shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution, between the States so ratifying the same. Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of ; . the States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our £iord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America/the twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names. GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, and .Deputy, from'Virginia. ,.'"