The Sheep Industry in the Early History of Manti and Gunnison

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Title Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Subject Pioneers
Description Stories and poems about early Southern Utah Pioneers
Publisher Snow College
Date 1980
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights Management Snow College
Holding Institution Snow College
ARK ark:/87278/s6ff3qhk
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-03-01
Date Modified 2005-03-01
ID 324024
Reference URL

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Title The Sheep Industry in the Early History of Manti and Gunnison
Description brush and forte to be found In the hills, furnished more nourishing feed for the sheep than the salt grass arrt hedges found growing along, the river. Before the Denver and flio Grsrwie RaiJ-road Has built into Sanpete) wool Intended for market was hauled to Juab, which at one time was the terminus of what Is now the Union Pacific Railroad. Sheep were kept for their wool except for the few that were slaughtered for food. Ewe lambs were saved for breeding. Wethers Here kept for their wool until their wornout or broken teeth rendered them unthrifty on ttie range. Janes Bown was foremen for B. F. Sanuders of Salt Lake City, who was one of the big livestock men of the West. In 1890, E. J. Kearns aM Henry Robins of Gunnison became affiliated with B. P. Saunders aid. M. fi. Parsons to purchase wethers In the west to be marketed in Kansas, Nebraska, ami the Dakotas. Wethers bought in the spring of the year Here grazed north along the Wasatch Range to the Mormon and Oregon Trails, which were followed east. At Deertrall, Colorado, they were loaded on railroad cars to complete the journey. On the market, wethers brought $2.00 to $2.25- Trailing saved about $1.25 per head. Bands of 6,000 wethers were trailed by two mounted herders and a camp tender. The Green and North FLatt HIvers had to be forded. The sheep were kept off water until very thirsty. Then they were rushed to the stream at the point where the drift of the current was to the opposite bank. Kearns said that of ^2,000 head of sheep Hhich he forded one year, not a single sheep was drowned. Sheep avoid deep water. James Crawford had a ram that would lead the flock into a stream if a. man on horseback Hent on lead with a pan of oats held Ioh to Induce the animal to follow. The Wasatch Mountains provide some of the best aheep pasturage. The east and west deserts offered winter feed which makes possible a yearround range operation. These public lands were free and open until the Forest Reserves were established In 1903. What a. golden opportunity! Western livestockmen capitalized on It with vigor. Even so, the industry was beset with many problems that had to be coped with. Sheep diseases, especially scab, had to be treated. A bad stom could wipe out years of careful husbandry, as could a money panic or economic depression. The sheep industry was a boon to the economy of Manti and Gunnison. It provided jobs for herders and sheep shearers. In the fall of the year, sheep outfits hal to be prepared for winter. *-
Format application/pdf
Identifier 066_The Sheep Industry in the Early History of Manti and Gunnison.jpg
Source Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-02-19
Date Modified 2005-02-19
ID 324016
Reference URL