Contents

Indians and Settlers in Sanpete

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Title Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Subject Pioneers
Description Stories and poems about early Southern Utah Pioneers
Publisher Snow College
Date 1980
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights Management Snow College
Holding Institution Snow College
ARK ark:/87278/s6ff3qhk
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-03-01
Date Modified 2005-03-01
ID 324024
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6ff3qhk

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Title Indians and Settlers in Sanpete
Description The Indians resented being displaced by the change. The Indian agents and sose Indians complained that the settlers took over the Indians' hunting grounds and that their cattle ate the Indians' grass seed (bread). Also, the settlers drove away the wild game which left the Indians with only three choices: beg, steal, or fight. Thus, stealing and other expressions of anger led to bloody-reprisals on the part of the Mormons. For this reason, Black Hawk, who was raised with the whites, consented to lead about 300 of his warriors into battle for control of the Sanpete and Utah valleys. The Mormons were a very close, social ajjl economic unit based on the principle that all men were equal and all must share alike. This policy, if followed, completely eliminated the Indians. Had the proposal been made by squaws, the chances of success would have been materially enhanced. It seemed that the Mormons were convinced of the inferiority of the Indian race aai therefore didn't accept the Indians as their equals! thus, there was little real companionship on either side. Rrlor to 1852, no visible Indian program was put into effect other than benevolence. They seeaed to think of Tn1™n"g as not being civilized, and this was a vital factor about behavior of the settlers toward the Indians. From the time of the arrival of Johnston's Aray in Utah In 1858 to about 1861, there was comparative peace between the two groups. Then trouble began to brew. The U. S. Indian agent didn't see "eye to eye" with Brigham Young. At this time Resident Lincoln cancelled all Indian rights, and also their land rights in favor of moving the Sanpitch Indians to the Uintah reservation. Brigham Young also wanted the Indians moved away from the settlements. The U. S. Indian agent and the L. D. S. Church general authorities had wanted this done since 1852, but Brigham Young had held out the hope of coexistence. This was the chief cause of the Black Hawk War. All land divisions were Church controlled untiD 1869 when the U. S. Land Office was established in Utah. When Black Hawk became Chief of the Sanpitch rndians and saw the growth of the settlements established in 1859, he had a change of heart. He knew at that tijne that coexistence between the Indians and the white settlers was doomed to failure. Then came the Black Hawk war which began with an altercation between the Indians and John Lowry in Manti, although the settlers were conscious that the Indians had been preparing over a long time for war. A try for peace cane on June 7, I865, at an Indian reservation at Spanish Pork, but nothing came of it. The war raged on with many killings on both sides until a treaty of peace was finally 3igned between the two rivals at Strawberry on August 19, 1868, when hostilities ceased. -Vt-
Format application/pdf
Identifier 058_Indians and Settlers in Sanpete.jpg
Source Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-02-19
Date Modified 2005-02-19
ID 323961
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6ff3qhk/323961