Indians and Settlers in Sanpete

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Title Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Subject Pioneers
Description Stories and poems about early Southern Utah Pioneers
Publisher Snow College
Date 1980
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights Management Snow College
Holding Institution Snow College
ARK ark:/87278/s6ff3qhk
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-03-01
Date Modified 2005-03-01
ID 324024
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Indians and Settlers in Sanpete
Description because Manti was the only settlement in Sanpete County for Sheriff Nelson Higgins to police while he courted Rancy Behunin, the fourteen-year-old daughter of Isaac. After the arrival of the Danes in December of 1853, the fort at Hanti was too small to accommodate all the settlers. Thus in the spring of l85^j settlers from the Mar.ti fort traveled north to Pine Creek where they built Fort BphralJn. Fifty families participated in this move. In 185*f and 1855, because of the great numbers of emigrants who had arrived at these settlements, the forts were enlarged and remained the only settlements In the Sanpete Valley until 1859. Around the tijne of the building of Fort Ephraim, Behunin was relieved of, or sold, or consecrated his fans and water rights to the L. D. S. Church. Workmen from Manti built a one-and-one-half acre fort astride the irrigation ditch to the Behunin fara. Fort Ephraim becaae the second permanent settlement In the Sanpete Valley. If these settlements were truly a try for coexistence, they were foreordained to fail as both Wallcer and President Brigham Young had ulterior motives. Chief Walker surely knew that the Indian squaws did all the work while the "bucks11 led a life of leisure, busying themselves with hunting, fishing, and fighting (if they could find someone to fight with). Furthermore, Walker had a plan to get the pioneer's cattle. Brigham Young had plans to get possession of the Great Basin by claiming its water and Its small acreage of arable land without paying rent or bi^ying the land. These ideas along with events in Utah County caused Walker to declare war on the settlers. This war began at Payson, on July 7, 1853* Next day it spread to Mt. Pleasant, and by August the main disturbance was in Iron County. It was there that Walker told Gol. George Ai Smith that he did not want the settlers to leave the country because then there would be no cattle for them (the Indians) to take. Before Christinas of that same year the Utes had all the Sanpete settlers corraled at Fort Hanti and in January, 185^, the Indians burned all "burnable material left at Mt. Pleasant and Spring City. Chief Balier died at Keadow, Mlllard County, on January 29, 1855, and his brother Arropine becaae chief of the tribe. He followed the policies of his predecessor, that of taking the settler's unherded cattle and horses, many Of which he drove off front under armed guards. The period from I85O to 1859 seems to be a period of local history not discussed. At this time ^11 land divisions and rules were Church controlled. Polygamy was sanctioned and Brigham Young was appointed Governor of the Utah Territory. From the first there was an awesome cultural gap between the settlers and the Indians. -*3-
Format application/pdf
Identifier 057_Indians and Settlers in Sanpete.jpg
Source Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 12
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-02-19
Date Modified 2005-02-19
ID 323960
Reference URL