||The Society believed the colonists needed $600,000 to keep the project viable. Thus, it refused to subscribe and also told Rosenwald of the Colony's precarious financial situation. Proceeds from public lands such as those the Land Board sold the colonists were dedicated to public school funds. The Land Board was constrained to keep this in mind. Both the Land Board and local merchants believed the Colony was secure due to backing by wealthy Jews. ^Sorae immigrants still in the East lost whatever they had contributed without ever seeing Clarion. Brown complained to the writer that the Land Board had promised the colonists the best land on the west bench, but in fact non-Jews received much of the best land. Compare the dedication and success of Mormon pioneers sent by Brigham Young to even more difficult and hostile places. Sources - = - - . . _.,... "Clarion, Utah: Jewish Colony in 'Zion,'" by Everett L. Cooley, Utah Historical Quarterly, Spring 1968. "Virgin Soil," by Isaac Friedland, one of the Clarion colonists; translated from Yiddish by Dr. Louis Zucker and with the cooperation of Professor Robert Goldberg following Dr. Zucker's death. The translation was seen to completion in large part thanks to the persistence of Lamont Nielsen who grew up in Clarion and still farms there. Recollections of the author who bought land formerly owned by colonists Plonsky, Lieberman and others; who farmed in Clarion; and who was a director of the Piute Irrigation Company for 40 years and president part of that time. w.