||had been a school teacher but now devoted all of her talent and energy to her family. Elmo remembers carding sheep wool for quilts. As the wool is carded, U becornes a square with one side gradually thinning. He learned how to place the wool on the quilt backing by overlapping the thin side of the woo! on the thick side. The family worked hard and they were self-sufficient. They raised their own wheat for flour and barley and oats for the animals. Their cash crop was sugar beets, with the factory just a mile and a half north. They grew their own vegetables, and mother always had some flowers in the garden and in the yard. There were chickens, enough to sell eggs, and milk cows, eight or ten usually, enough to sell cream. After family needs, the skim milk was fed to the pigs and some to the cats. There were usually two sows and fifteen to twenty piglets, which were sold, except those saved for meat for the family. Many times it was arranged with another family to take half of the meat during warm weather. Beef was killed only in cold weather. All the animals had lo be fed and watered and eggs had to be gathered. These were the boys' chores and during school the chores had to be done before and after school every day. In fall, father and older brother Glenn went north to the Orem bench to pick fruit. They were usually gone a month, but came home on weekends and brought fruit home for the family. Elmo and mother did all the chores and the family was busy bottling fruit. There was a smoke house, where they cured and smoked their own meat, and also an ice house. In winter they hauled ice from the Wales reservoir. The food cellar was outside, behind the house. It was a large room built a few steps down and over a small, flowing well. This was a natural cooler and kept everything very well. The family worked together and filled the cellar every fall with bottled fruit, jams, jellies, vegetables, smoked meats and even eggs. There were always wood to chop and coal lo bring in. There were two wooden boxes behind the stove in the kitchen, one for wood and one for coal. Each day before evening, these boxes had to be filled which was the boys' chore. Summer was time for hauling hay, grain, wood and coal, taking care of new animals, watering crops and thinning beets. So managing life went on in its continual round until . . .