Ephraim's Four Forts

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Title Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 30
Subject Pioneers
Description Stories and poems about early Southern Utah Pioneers
Publisher Snow College
Date 1998
Type Text
Format application/pdf
Language eng
Rights Management Snow College
Holding Institution Snow College
ARK ark:/87278/s6vh5m0s
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-03-01
Date Modified 2005-03-01
ID 326508
Reference URL

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Title Ephraim's Four Forts
Description An early Ephraim settler, Augusta Dorius Stevens, wrote of the third fort, "A stone wall was constructed around the area where Ephraim's First Ward [10 South Main] and the Ephraim Library [30 South Main] now stands. The walls were about nine feet high and constructed of limestone transported from the east mountains. Gun slots were included along the top. These provided lookouts and openings for guns to be used on attackers.10 A gate was always locked and guards were always on the lookout for approaching Indians. This wall was a place of refuge for any townspeople on a moment's notice, when they were warned by Minute Men who would sound an alarm.'' A bag with dried meat and baby clothes was available at all times. This is the fort whose remnants piqued my interest in pioneer history. The fourth fort was built on Guard Knoll, a bill approximately two miles east of Ephraim on the Canyon Road. Pioneer N.P. Peterson recorded, "The fort was built on top of Guard Knoll, for the purpose of standing guard when the Indians were on the warpath. A clear view of the valley was attained from its top. The walls were nine feet high with large, guarded gate, and holes in the walls to shoot through." An Indian confrontation that clamed the lives of seven Ephraim pioneers on 17 October 186S reached its conclusion at the Guard Knoll Fort. The Indians captured the pioneers' livestock and herded them into the east mountains, leaving some warriors behind to prevent the pioneers from regaining their animals. William Thorp was slain. A plaque that recounts the events of that tragic day was placed on a nearby site.12 The warfare ceased, except for sporadic attacks, after Chief Black Hawk and pioneer leaders signed the Black Hawk Peace Treaty, 19 August 1866, beneath a juniper tree in the present Pioneer Park (8 West 100 North). A stone monument bears a plaque relating the events that led to the historical monument.l3 58
Format application/pdf
Identifier 068_Ephraim's Four Forts.jpg
Source Saga of the Sanpitch Vol 30
Setname snowc_sts
Date Created 2005-02-23
Date Modified 2005-02-23
ID 326416
Reference URL