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Title Chemical keys to an understanding of life processes
Subject Biochemistry ; Nucleic acids; Proteins
Description Twenty Second Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Smith, Emil L., 1911-
Publisher Extension Division, University of Utah
Date 1958-01-13
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier http://content.lib.utah.edu/u?/reynolds,564
Source LD5526.U8 n.s. v.49 no.11
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Chemical keys to an understanding of life processes," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6c8277g
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-31
ID 319868
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6c8277g

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Title Page22
Description 22 TWENTY-SECOND ANNUAL REYNOLDS LECTURE deficiency of these substances in the diet. Such examples could be multiplied. The study of the normal and the abnormal must proceed together. The problem of immunization against diphtheria or poliomyelitis was not solved just by direct attack on these problems. The solutions came just as much from the fundamental contributions of the microbiologist, the biochemist and many others. Further progress in studies of cancer, heart disease, mental health and other problems will develop hand in hand with growth of our fundamental knowledge of the behavior of cells and organs. So it is also with practical achievements of Biochemistry in areas other than our understanding of human disease. There have been equally important benefits to agriculture both in the fields of animal husbandry and cultivation of plants. Let us also remember that production of chemicals from cultivated plants is an old story. The largest production of an organic chemical, in gross tonnage, is that of sucrose, ordinary cane sugar, or in this valley, I should say beet sugar. It will be a long time, if ever, before sucrose can be synthesized in the factory in competition with the biosynthesis of this compound by living cells. Today, cultivation of plants on the farm is supplemented by growth of microorganisms in the factory. Many solvents and other chemicals, as well as penicillin, other antibiotics and a variety of drugs are being produced in the factory through the agency of living organisms or extracts of such organisms. Thus, our theoretical understanding of metabolism and of the responsible enzymes accompanies and leads to practical applications. Unfortunately, there is a great deal of misunderstanding concerning the distinction between the theoretical and the practical, or of science and technology, and recent events have tended to make the situation somewhat more befogged. When the requisite scientific knowledge is at hand, technological applications may follow rapidly. Intelligent and rational therapy for infectious diseases could not precede the discovery that microorganisms are responsible for these diseases, and that each such disease may be caused by a different agent. Nuclear weapons could not be devised without the necessary prior knowledge of the structure of atoms. Nor can we command inventions or cures. No one could order the invention of the zipper or the discovery of penicillin, nor can anyone decree that all scientific discovery be made in a certain place. Science and knowledge recog-
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 027-RNLT-SmithE_Page22.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Chemical keys to an understanding of life processes by Emil L. Smith.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 319863
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6c8277g/319863