||wood Canyon to celebrate the ten", n amiIvcrsaty of tnei r that federal troops were marching toward Utah. The news led to immediate and fervent military preparation on their part. Hedes:astic.;! organizations ivrre lonvened Lo misiLaiy :he United State, force*. "CITIZENS OF UTAH-We .ire invaded by a hostile force, who are evidentjv a:¦-ailmg us to accomplish our over'..11ow aiid uesv'uction. ciC charged Lie cjovernrnm" with failure over a full generation to guarantee constitutional rights to Mormons as to other citizens. In fad, now, he claimed Lhe I¦ nitod States had accepted as tr'ae, prejudicial false, and unjust charges by enemies of She Mormons, without so much as senc.mg 'Jdv. investigating concTiittee, or other person... to inquire into l'.iiU ascertain tne truth, a1; ic cusvomary m such e.~ses." I herefore, he continued, 'the issue which has been ilius toiced upon us compels us to resort to the great first law of self preservation and stand in ciLii" cuvn defence, Li right guai antecd unto us by the ger.;us of the institutions of o"_ir country, and upon whicn tl"io (jovi'!i!imcnt is Leased riri.il.y, ne ordered iiiartKil law throughout the territory, put Mormon troops on ,-i.ert, and forbade all other armed fortes from entering into the territory. The proclamation and a cover letter addressed "To the officer coinmandm^, Ihe forces now invacung Uiali Territory" '.%'e~e ser^.t by express Lc> !'ne fedei'al :roojis Ihe among the officers of the expedition. Sec Cove's letfei of 3 October 1857 as dn example, in Uluh Expedition, p. 73. Bngham Yo;nig's procl.in:atiori has oeen reprocfucod in numerous publications concerned with the Utah War. An original copy is in the Speo.il Collections Department, University of Utah Library, Salt Lake City. Anor.^ the l\]orri'on militarv leader's ur*der the command ef Cieneral Daniel H. Wells, was Major Lot Smith. He had been ordered to impede the progress of the federal troops by harassing them, stampeding their livestock, inches on the prairies beyond us, but the weather is now very fine, &l after such a stormy month as we have just encountered, we may reasonably hope for fewer storms-but our mules must die in numbers. They have no protection, not even blankets, from the weather. The mormons have burned 72 U. S. waggons (contents unknown) ahead of us, & have burned off the grass in many places-so that we must depend on corn entirely. We have upwards of a thousand animals to feed I should think-102 six-mule waggons-& six companies of mounted men. There cannot be less than 1000 animals. Parties of mormons, we hear at this post, are known to be engaged in burning the grass in the sheltered places! So it is generally believed that we must lose most of our animals, & if so, we cannot get on to Salt Lake, but must encamp somewhere in the mountains. A summer trip over the plains may be pleasant but I do not enjoy the look of the future. Alfred is quite well. I shall write again whenever I find an opportunity. We leave tomorrow morning & I am very, very busy, & very cold-but trying to sew with Stiff fingers on a garment I must have-& to write a few words to distant friends before the increasing coldness prevents my using my fingers. Good bye, dear Anne, 1 trust you are enjoying your Springfield winter-I wish we may be as comfortable as a fire can make us-but we must not hope for that only now & then -& as for a roof, it will be long before we have that shelter again, but goodbye the light is now bad & I have been interrupted so many times by callers from the post since I began, that I fear my letter is very disjointed.