||mmed that the ~euaiion in bieedmg Kansas ' was 50 ~nt,~a, that his presence was requred at Fort Leavenworth conse quently a professmnal soIdler from Texas Coione, Albert S,dney Johnston! was asilgned to command the Army for Utah and escort the newly appomted federal oiilaals to Utah Terntory When Johnston assumed command of the Army ior Utah on 29 August 1857, he found hunself m charge oi reg, ments of the Flfiy lniantrv the Tenth Iniantrv, the Second Dragoons, and ihi Fourth krtillery, a force which was strung out on the trail from Fort Leavenworth to Fort Laramie. Aware that federal troops had been drspatched to Utah the Mormons prepared to defend themselves Settlers were called to Salt Lake Valley from the iar flung colomes-from Carson on the west, Fort Lemhi on the north, and San Bema- dmo on the south Young issued a proclamatton forbiddmg the army to enter Utah and sent out md~t~amen to harass the government soidlers _ Tlmmg for the army s westward march was poor Even the vanguard of the expedttlon the Tenth Infantry, under the command of Colonel E B Alexander, had been delayed m lemng Fort Leavenworth unt,l after the rmddle of July Wm ter weather closed in upon the soldters a~ soon a5 they reached the Rocky Mountams Guerrdla tachcs of Mormon nuht,amen added to the delay and consequent m,sery of the members of the nulitary train and the new governors party These Mormon raderi succeeded m burnmg three supply trams consistq of seventytwo wagons and destroymg the grass I" many areas iorcmg the army to feed the&r am,,,& the grain meant for wtnter feed As a ieuit oi Mormon attacks, the lack of forage and the cold and mow, many of the army's animals died, leaving the troops unequipped to either move into Salt Lake Valley or conduct a war. Consequently, the Utah Expedition WEIS forced to spend the winier in the mountaini near Fort Bridger and postpone ds entry into the Salt Lake Valley until the spring of 1858. While the soldiers prepared for the winter stay in ihe Green River Valley, Colonel Tohnston sent word to Fort Laramie that fresh supplies would be needed as $00" as the snow5 per- mitted supply wagons to get through the mountains. He alio dispatched Captain Randolph B. Marcy oi the Fifth Infantry to Fort Union at Taos to obtain repiacement horses and mules. Although this ass~gnmeni entailed the almost impossible hardship of crossing the deep xtows of the high Uinta range in mid-winter, Marcy returned the following spring wth fresh mounts and draught animals ior the army' Johnston located the winter camp for his army in E ihe,- tered valley on Black's Fork near the rock walls of Fort Brid- ger, all that remained oi Tim Bridgeis trading post smce the Mormons burned the wooden structures in anrepation of the federal troops advance. He named ihis poet Camp Scott in honor of his commanding genera,, Winfield Scott. Nearby, the Cummings and other federal appointees pitched their tents and prepared for the long winter in the Rocky Moun- tains. This camp where Elizabeth and Al&d Gumming would spend the winter of 1857-58 was called "Eckelsville" after Judge Delana Eckels. The civil of&i& of Utah Territory who set up their tents at Eckeliville with the Cummingi were Chief Justice Delana R. Eckels, Secretary of the Terriiorylohn Hart- nett, Superintendent of Indian Affars ,acob Forney, Attorney General John M. Hockaday, United States Marshal Peter K. Dotson, Justice oi the Feace David A. Burr, Postmaster H. F.