||CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. 9 two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of the persons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten days-Sundays excepted-after it shall have been-presented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 3. Every order, resolution or vote, to which the concur- Joint resoiu- o .1 n tt f» tions, except rence oi the Senate and House of Representatives may be for adjoum- r J ment, to re- necessary-except on a question of adjournment-shall be ceive th presented to the President of the United States ; and before tion as bills-the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of the Senate and House of Eepresentatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill. SECTION VIII. The Congress shall have power- 1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises; Powers of J 7 ¦> r 7 7 Congress to to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and lay taxes. general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States ; 2. To borrow money on the credit of the United States ; Loans. 3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and commerce. among the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and ]ion?raliza" uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcy throughout the United States; 5. To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and ofMoney-foreign coin3 and fix the standard of weights and measures; 6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the counterfeit-securities and current coin of the United States; 7. To establish post offices and post roads ; Post-offices. 8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, science. by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court; Tribunals, to define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations ; 10. To declare war, grant letters of marque and re- war.