Update item information
Title Let's Clear the Air
Subject Air--Pollution
Description The Thirty-Sixth Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator De Nevers, Noel, 1932-
Publisher The Frederick William Reynolds Association
Date 1973-02-20
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier,1266
Source TD883 .D45 1973
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Let's clear the air," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6ht2m87
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320531
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page13
Description "LET'S CLEAR THE AIR" 13 exposed worker). These threshold values are used to set maximum-allowable-exposure values for industrial workers. For air pollution, I do not believe that we can say for certain, based on current data, whether the true damage curves are of the threshold-value or no-threshold type or of some other type. If, as seems likely, further study shows us that, for at least one major pollutant, the dose-response curve is of the no-threshold variety, then we will have the situation that eliminating all damage will require eliminating all that pollutant. Since the cost of pollution removal normally increases very rapidly as we approach total removal, this would lead to an infinite cost. Thus, we could, by demanding "no air-pollution damage ever, anywhere" raise the control cost so high that we would have to sacrifice medical care, nutrition, etc., and have a net decrease in personal health and well being. I do not believe that we are likely to reach that situation in the near future; but we must recognize that, if any of the important air pollutants have a no-threshold type of dose-response curve, then the maximization of human health and welfare will demand that we accept some amount of pollution damage. Air Pollution Laws Knowing what is ultimately the best and fairest way of solving the pollution problem is not the same as getting that solution put into effect. Since this is a problem whose solution will require some sacrifices from everyone, we must proceed through the political process, which is our way of handling such common problems in this country. We normally proceed by enacting laws. Air-pollution laws of some kind have existed in many areas for a long time. These were mostly in the form of smoke ordinances, requiring large users of fuels to minimize their emissions of visible smoke. Since visible smoke was normally wasted fuel, such ordinances could be easily enforced once the emitter was educated to the fact that a smoky stack was a money waster. Similarly, the ordinances requiring residences to switch from coal to gas heat are really air-pollution ordinances, although they normally resulted in a decrease in fuel cost to the consumer. Until the late 1940's, these types of regulations were the only kinds of air-pollution laws in use in the U. S. A. In the 1940's, an apparently new kind of air pollution appeared in Los Angeles â€" photochemical smog. This was shown to be due largely to exhaust products from autos. At first, it was believed that this was unique to Los Angeles; but as cities grew and auto usage in cities grew, it became clear that this kind of pollution was more widespread. The first efforts to combat this kind of pollution were made in Los Angeles. The Los Angeles Air Pollution Control District broke new
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 015-RNLT-DeNeversN_Page13.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Let's Clear the Air by Noel de Nevers.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320515
Reference URL