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Title Let's Clear the Air
Subject Air--Pollution
Description The Thirty-Sixth Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator De Nevers, Noel, 1932-
Publisher The Frederick William Reynolds Association
Date 1973-02-20
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier http://content.lib.utah.edu/u?/reynolds,1266
Source TD883 .D45 1973
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Let's clear the air," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6ht2m87
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320531
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6ht2m87

Page Metadata

Title Page11
Description "LET'S CLEAR THE AIR" 11 The simple idea shown on this figure is complicated by the fact that each individual's control expenditure is weakly related to his damage cost. As a simple example, in Los Angeles the most pressing air pollution problems are caused by emissions from automobiles. If I lived in Los Angeles and I personally installed a pollution control device on my auto I would thereby increase my pollution control expenditure, but I would have little effect on my personal damage cost. Mine would be only one of the four million cars in Los Angeles; my damage cost would only decrease significantly if most or all four million autos installed pollution-control devices. In this situation, in which we wish to minimize the cost for all, and the two kinds of costs for each individual are weakly related we can use mathematics which are well-known to the scientists and engineers in the audience, to show that the minimum total cost for the whole country will result when each person in the nation has adjusted his personal total damage-plus-control costs so that any increase or decrease in his personal damage-plus-control costs would result in a net increase in the total damage-plus-control costs for the whole nation. I can express this very neady in the notation of the differential calculus as 3 (pollution control & damage cost for whole nation) 3 (pollution control & damage cost for each individual) but I cannot state it as simply in words. This approach is frequently criticized by those who say, "You can't reduce..........to monetary terms," where..........may be human health, human life, or the quality of a clear sky, or air-pollution damage to the cathedrals of Europe, or something else. It is hard to assign such values. But society obviously does. The value we place on health is indicated by how much we are individually willing to spend to safeguard or improve our own personal health and by how much society is willing to spend to improve community health. The value society places on a human life is indicated by how much society will spend to prevent one accidental death. Juries set financial values on loss of life and health every day. The value we place on clear skies is indicated by how much people will give up to live in areas with such clear skies. Frequently, the person making this criticism disagrees with society's evaluation. I disagree with some of society's evaluations, but that is not ground for saying that society cannot and does not evaluate these things. = 0 all others constant
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 013-RNLT-DeNeversN_Page11.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Let's Clear the Air by Noel de Nevers.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 320513
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6ht2m87/320513