||"THE RIGHT MOST VALUED BY CIVILIZED MAN" 25 their inquiries, if too sweeping, will be held to invade the proscription of the First Amendment. Furthermore, political parties seem to have recoiled from the excesses of the first part of this decade, and thus the past campaign was spared some of the shameful innuendo and ridiculous charges which characterized political battles from 1950 to 1956. It may also be conceded that the voice of those who think of Americanism solely in terms of their limited beliefs is not quite so shrill, not quite so demanding as a few short months ago. In these developments there is reason for satisfaction, but other factors constitute a restraining influence on our enthusiasm. Part of the feeling that the air is freer today stems, I fear, from the fact we have already grown accustomed to some of the intrusions which formerly we viewed with distaste. The loyalty program, though curbed, is now an accepted governmental procedure, and strenuous efforts are currently under way to make such checks applicable once again to all federal employees. Loyalty oaths no longer raise the strenuous protest that they once did, despite the fact that few have been repealed and oath requirements continue to find their way into many federal and state enactments.35 Congressional committees, while currently operating in more subdued fashion, continue to be besieged by demands that they investigate this individual or that group, demands which reflect that Americanism continues in the minds of many to be a synonym for conformity. Persistent cries that we investigate those scientists who have warned repeatedly about the dangers of atomic fallout and those individuals who have had the temerity to criticize the F.B.I, illustrate the validity of this observation. These are some of the factors which must concern us if we are genuinely interested in the integrity of the individual. There are others. The intemperate attacks upon the Supreme Court are motivated in no small part by the fact that that institution has found the courage to say that the spirit of the Bill of Rights continues to have meaning; to say that the right to be free of certain intrusion is not a totally empty one. Increased tolerance toward police actions which loosely construe search and seizure restrictions, which encourage the John Doe warrant, which utilize vaguely worded vagrancy statutes to conduct mass arrests are also factors which should prevent our becoming sanguine about the right to be let alone. More significant than the above developments is the fact that the basic forces which drive towards the subordination of the individual continue to grow stronger. Each year we become increasingly interdependent, and with increased interdependence the same pressures which resulted in the regulation of economic life argue for increased control over man's civil liberties. The desire for security from internal and external threats natur- 35. See, for example, the National Defense Education Act, Sec. 1001(f) 72 Stat. 1580 (1958).