Page 33

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Title Is Utah Sahara Bound?
Subject Agriculture--Utah; Land use--Utah
Description The 11th Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Cottam, Walter Pace, 1894-
Publisher Extension Division, University of Utah
Date 1947-02-19
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier,458
Source LD5526 .U8 n.s. v.37 no.11
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Is Utah Sahara Bound?," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6w66hr0
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2009-03-13
ID 319731
Reference URL

Page Metadata

Title Page 33
Description PUBLIC EDUCATION THE ONLY ANSWER 33 soil. But the remaining task of this discussion is to present a tentative list of objectives necessary for a successful program of plant resource management. They include a popular understanding of the following: 1. The basic dependence of civilization on an adequate plant covet and on soil. There is a general public need for information about Utah plant resources as detailed in this paper: the history of use; the consequences of mismanagement on plant succession, on the soil, on floods and water deficiencies; and the relationship of these losses to society in general. 2. Land ownership and multiple land use. America grew up and Utah was settled under the popular conviction that the highest form of land ownership is the possession and holding in fee simple by the individual. The Pre-emption Law passed by Congress before the advent of the Utah pioneers, and especially the homestead acts and private land grants that followed 1862 were expressions of the hasty and often ill-considered attempts by the government to bring all public lands under private ownership. But mere acts of congress can hardly alter the fundamental land values or land uses imposed by nature, and today 72 percent of Utah's total land area still remains under federal ownership and control. Soon after settlement most of the land having access to water and capable of irrigation passed to private ownership. The better mountainous grazing lands, which usually included the vital watersheds of towns, soon came under individual control. Small but strategic sites on desert areas were privately acquired, giving the individual owner virtual grazing monopoly over vast public lands because of water ownership. Thus nearly three-fourths of Utah, considered too unproductive to warrant private ownership, remained as unreserved Public Domain to be exploited without restriction. The result, as already discussed, was disaster. Because of flood hazards the national forests, now totaling 14.2 percent of the Utah area, were withdrawn from public entry early in this century, leaving the unreserved desert areas still at the mercy of unrestricted grazing use. By 1934 terrific dust storms beclouded our cities and towns from the desert depleted of vegetation, and Utah seemed definitely Sahara bound, when Congress passed the Taylor Grazing Act that withdrew most of our desert areas from homesteading and placed these lands for the first time under grazing regulations. But dust storms and floods seem to have taught us little and an apathetic public is still content to regard these disasters as mere "acts of God." In June, 1946, a joint conference of the executive committees of the National Wool Growers Association and the American Livestock Association was held in Salt Lake City. Amazing as it may seem, the issue of private ownership versus continued government control of the public domain completely dominated the conference. The newspaper accounts of the conference seem to indicate that the issues involved lay solely between the western stock growers
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 033-RNLT-CottamWP_Page 33.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Is Utah Sahara Bound? by Walter P. Cottam.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 319722
Reference URL