Page 27

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Title Is Utah Sahara Bound?
Subject Agriculture--Utah; Land use--Utah
Description The 11th Annual Frederick William Reynolds Lecture.
Creator Cottam, Walter Pace, 1894-
Publisher Extension Division, University of Utah
Date 1947-02-19
Date Digital 2008-05-29
Type Text
Format image/jpeg
Digitization Specifications Original scanned on Epson Expression 10000XL flatbed scanner and saved as 400 ppi uncompressed tiff. Display images generated in PhotoshopCS and uploaded into CONTENTdm Aquisition Station.
Resource Identifier http://content.lib.utah.edu/u?/reynolds,458
Source LD5526 .U8 n.s. v.37 no.11
Language eng
Relation Digital reproduction of "Is Utah Sahara Bound?," J. Willard Marriott Library Special Collections
Rights Digital Image Copyright University of Utah
Metadata Cataloger Seungkeol Choe; Ken Rockwell
ARK ark:/87278/s6w66hr0
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2009-03-13
ID 319731
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6w66hr0

Page Metadata

Title Page 27
Description VEGETATION, SOIL AND WATER 27 chased by the Government at approximately $39,000 at an average cost of $2.96 per acre. The flood control work on the Davis project involved the construction of 30 miles of access road, considerable downstream engineering and the contour trenching and reseeding of the 1,300 acres of flood source areas of the purchased land. Much of the work was accomplished through CCC labor and the total cost of the project, including the purchase price, is conservatively estimated at $300,000. With these figures available it is possible now to construct a fairly accurate ledger of profit and loss in the Davis County watershed grazing venture. In doing so, of course, real but intangible items of permanent watershed deterioration due to soil loss as well as the destruction of human life must be excluded. From a purely monetary standpoint, the ledger shows in the credit column the single item of grazing income liberally estimated at 10 cents per acre per year. For the 18,500 acres of watershed land there was thus a yearly credit of $1,850.00 and a total cash income of $148,000.00 accruing over the 80-year period (1850-1930) of use. On the debit side of the ledger is a total of $1,300,000.00. One million dollars of this is chargeable property damage and $300,000.00 represents the sum expended on flood control. But the $1,150,000.00 approximate net loss is merely an overall picture. When it is considered*that only 1,300 acres out of the total of 18,500 acres of land that comprise this project actually generated the floods, the average annual flood damage over a ten-year period (1923-1933) for each abused acre of flood source amounted to $77.00, and the final flood control cost per acre of flood source land amounted to $231.00. The flood control costs of the Davis County watershed project, though admittedly high, are unquestionably worth the price for two reasons: first, the contouring and reseeding of flood source areas seem successfully to have stopped floods. Since the completion of these flood control measures two high intensity storms greater than any ever recorded in Utah's history have deluged these areas with no deleterious results. Second, the object lessons that the Davis area holds both in regard to the importance of vegetation in watershed protection and to methods in flood control on areas where plant abuses have already occurred are potentially invaluable to an enlightened citizenry. But whether or not the people of Salt Lake City are prepared to accept these objective values and are determined to profit by them only time will tell. Salt Lake City Watersheds It has been more than a year now since the people of Salt Lake City had a preview of our own flood hazards. The $345,000 flood of August 19, 1945, was the result of an unusual and unpredictable downpour on a watershed impaired by past grazing abuse and recent fires. Rubbish dumped in the channels no doubt augmented damages. Investigations10 showed that the unprecedented violence of the discharges of this flood came only from areas supporting a sparse plant cover; well-vegetated portions of the watershed did not contribute
Format image/jpeg
Identifier 027-RNLT-CottamWP_Page 27.jpg
Source Original Manuscript: Is Utah Sahara Bound? by Walter P. Cottam.
Setname uu_fwrl
Date Created 2008-07-29
Date Modified 2008-07-29
ID 319716
Reference URL https://collections.lib.utah.edu/ark:/87278/s6w66hr0/319716