||20 NEW FRONTIERS FOR AMERICAN YOUTH them Christianity and such meager physical aid as individuals could render to a few other individuals. As for helping the unfortunate on a national scale, however, even organized religious groups and leaders in support of missions, evidently, have found it easier to offer them hope of salvation in the world to come than to share with them a measure of salvation in this world. This sharing might be less difficult if more emphasis were given to spiritual standards of living (plain living and high thinking,in Wordsworth's phrase) rather than to the enjoyment of material luxuries not available to the great mass of mankind. It seems extremely difficult to apply the golden rule on a national scale, but why should it not be applied both as a matter of principle and also as a matter of practical wisdom? In the long run it will bring its rewards, it will do more toward abolishing war than will mere legal agreements not supported by ethical attitudes and religious practices. Unfortunately Christianity through the centuries has been characterized more by meaningless assent to the teachings of its founder than in adherence in practice to these teachings. As Chesterton says, "Christianity has not been tried and found wanting, but found hard and not tried." To give it a trial in contemporary social life would be a new and challenging frontier. This plea for a world view and justice for all mankind does not mean indiscriminate mixture of races, either biologically or geographically, but rather mutual respect and good will, and international as well as national organization in the interests of the social and economic welfare of all. It is reported that in signing the Declaration of Independence, Franklin remarked "We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately." In our time and circumstances it may be said "We must all cooperate for the general welfare or inevitably we shall all suffer the dire consequences of our excessive individualism." We are today witnessing a tragic example of the cruel and destructive consequences of unrestricted national competition. Neglect of cooperation for the common good within our own borders may result in tragic consequences. The historic American individualism, the laissez faire politics, easily workable in Thomas Jefferson's time, is not suitable or workable in the vastly more complicated and interdependent society of today. Shall we insist upon following old frontier methods of so-called rugged individualism until starving millions of our population are induced as a last resort to indulge in mass rioting and looting stores of surplus food supplies? If so, what recourse has government but to call upon the state militia or federal troops to shoot down their fellow citizens in an effort to maintain law and order? Yet this is a possible outcome of failure on our part to "hang together." Discovery and pursuit of new frontiers should always be designed to further human progress.