||SWEDEN'S SOCIAL PROGRAM 17 tion for the good of all rather than cut-throat competition for the slaughter of many and the enrichment of a few." The government of Sweden is not only sympathetic toward these societies but actively cooperates with them. This is notably the case in attempts to solve the housing problem in Stockholm and other cities. Under joint auspices of the cooperatives and the government the construction of modern sanitary flats and cottages has been accomplished on a large scale, while in America slum clearance and substitution of sanitary, low-rent quarters for working people have thus far been manifest more in large scale talk rather than in actual accomplishment. In Stockholm the needs of small income groups have been recognized in the building of blocks of service flats for families so situated that both parents have to work outside the home. In these flats meals can be served to families from a common kitchen and children can be cared for during the day or evening by a nursery staff. All these facilities are on a non-profit basis and provide an acceptable standard of living within the means of the low income group. Parent education is also provided for these working parents. Under the same auspices garden cities have been built in the suburbs of Stockholm. Provision is made for land enough for a small garden with each house. Modern city conveniences, both private and public, are provided. Private homes are purchased on a sixty-year lease. Thus the city retains title to the land and ultimately reaps the benefit of the unearned increment. Had such a plan been instituted in American cities with the publication of Henry George's Progress and Poverty sixty years ago, there might now be less striking contrasts between the living conditions of the low income and the high income classes. It is a patent fact that land speculations and high rents have had much to do with bringing about some present day social evils. May I say parenthetically that inattention to the social philosophy of Henry George has not invalidated the fundamental principles he so forcefully set forth with suggested applications to the social and economic conditions of his time. Radical changes in American economic life call for new and somewhat different applications, but this does not invalidate the general principles contained in many passages of his book, Progress and Poverty. Selected passages have recently been published under the title, "Significant Paragraphs from Progress and Poverty by Henry George." In a forword to this small volume, John Dewey says: "It would require less than the fingers of the two hands to enumerate those who, from Plato down, rank with Henry George among the world's social philosophers. No man, no graduate of a higher educational institution, has a right to regard himself as an educated man in social thought unless he has some first-hand acquaintance with the theoretical contribution of this great American thinker."