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51 Oxy-fuel hierarchyHierarchical chart for the oxy-fuel combustion research area showing connectivity between subtasks. This research area includes coal, gas, and oil oxy-burner technologies. This chart helps illustrate the integration and focus among the different fuel types and different scales represented in the hie...oxy-fuel combustion; different fuel types; ICSE2009-11-04
52 Method of producing tar sand deposits containing conductive layersA method is disclosed for producing thick tar sand deposits by preheating of thin, relatively conductive layers which are a small fraction of the total thickness of a tar sand deposit. The thin conductive layers serve to confine the heating within the tar sands to a thin zone adjacent to the conduct...tar sand deposits; conductive layers; patent1990-05-22
53 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Jun 1984)I. Sulfur and Nitrogen in Oil Shale Processing. II Initial Operation of the Solids-Recycle Retort System. III. Sulfur Gas Analysis by Triple Quadruple Mass Spectrometry. IV. Retort Modeling. V. Publications and Presentations. VI. Visitors.oil shale processing; solids-recycle retort system; sulfur gas analysis; oil shale; sulfur and nitrogen in oil shale; above ground retorting1984-06
54 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Feb 1985)I. Retort Modeling. II.Toulene to be Used in Retort Oil Collection System. III. Sulfur Species in Pyrolysis Gas by Triple Quadruple Mass Spectrometry. IV. Rate of Reaction of Oxidized Oil Shale with Hydrogen Sulfide. V. Visitors.retort modeling; Retort Oil Collection System; pyrolysis gas; oxidized oil shale; oil shale1985-02
55 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Aug 1983)Our general chemical kinetic model for oil shale pyrolysis has been further developed. The reactions included in the model are primary pyrolysis of kerogen, vaporization of liquid oil, coking of liquid oil, hydrogenation of liquid oil, cracking of liquid oil, cracking of oil vapor, secondary and ter...oil shale pyrolysis; liquid oil; oil1983-08-09
56 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Oct 1986)I. Carbonate Decomposition Reaction Scheme and Kinetics. II. Chemical Reaction Modeling.chemical reaction modeling; carbonate decomposition; oil shale; retorting process1986-10
57 Method of processing oil-shale or tar sandOil-shale or tar sand is subjected to hydrogenating carbonization and the residue is passed into a combustion zone wherein residual coke in the residue is reacted with oxygen. At least part of the heat produced in the combustion zone is used to heat the hydrogen to be used for the carbonization step...oil shale; tar sand; hydrogenating carbonization1982-03-16
58 Method of removing bitumen from tar sand utilizing ultrasonic energy and stirringA method of removing bitumen from tar sand for subsequent recovery of the bitumen. The method comprises contacting tar sand with an excess of solvent in which the bitumen is soluble, said contacting being performed within a vessel wherein simultaneously the solvent is being stirred and ultrasonic en...Bitumen removal; Tar sand; Ultrasonic energy; stirring; Bitumen recovery1977-10-18
59 Method of separating bitumen from tar sand with cold solventA method for separating bitumen from tar sand by solvent extraction with efficient separation of water from the recovered bitumen is disclosed. Tar sand may often be recovered by surface mining techniques. The tar sand is comprised of bitumen, water and sand including clays. The tar sand is contacte...Bitumen; Tar sand; Separation; Solvent extraction; Cold solvent1976-11-23
60 Method of removing bitumen from tar sand for subsequent recovery of the bitumenA method of removing bitumen from tar sand for subsequent recovery of the bitumen. The method comprises submerging tar sand in a sufficient amount of a circulating solvent in which the bitumen is soluble, and, while the tar sand is so submerged, sonicating within the solvent with a sufficient amount...Bitumen removal; Tar sand; Bitumen recovery; Sonicating; Sand granules1977-10-18
61 Lands with wilderness characteristics: Impacts on oil shale and oil sands developmentPresentation describing the oil shale and sands development in Utah.oil shale; oil sands development; LWC; BLM2012-05-15
62 Policy analysis of water availability and use issues for domestic oil shale and oil sands development: Topical Report: October 1, 2009 to March 31, 2010Oil shale and oil sands resources located within the intermountain west represent a vast, and as of yet, commercially untapped source of energy. Development will require water, and demand for scarce water resources stands at the front of a long list of barriers to commercialization. Water requiremen...oil shale/sands resources; energy source; unconventional fuels; water demands; water availability; domestic oil shale/sands development; topical report2010-03
63 Policy analysis of produced water issues associated with in-situ thermal technologies: Topical report: October 1, 2009 to December 31, 2010Commercial scale oil shale and oil sands development will require water, the amount of which will depend on the technologies adopted and the scale of development that occurs. Water in oil shale and oil sands country is already in scarce supply, and because of the arid nature of the region and limita...topical report; produced water issues; in situ thermal technologies; oil shale/sands; water rights; domestic energy source2011-01
64 Petroleum technology advances through applied research by independent oil producers"Petroleum Technology Advances Through Applied Research by Independent Oil Producers" is a program of the National Oil Research Program, U.S. Department of Energy. Between 1995 and 1998, the program competitively selected and costs shared twenty-two projects with small producers. The purpose was to ...petroleum technology; independant oil producers; National Oil Research Program2000-01
65 Pore scale analysis of oil sand/oil shale pyrolysis by X-ray Micro CT and LB simulationThe research objectives include (1) CT characterization of the pore network structure for selected oil sand/oil shale resources, (2) LB simulation of flow through pore network structures to predict transport properties, such as permeability, and (3) CT analysis of pore network structure during pyrol...pore scale analysis; oil sand/shale pyrolysis; X-ray Micro CT and LB simulation; Lamellar Structure of Oil Shale2010-03-03
66 Particle image velocimetry of pulverized oxy-coal flamesOxy-fuel combustion of pulverized coal is a promising technology for cost-effective power production with carbon capture and sequestration that has impacts on emission reductions. To fully understand the behavior of turbulent oxy-coal flames, and to validate oxy-coal simulation models, accurate expe...oxy-fuel combustion of pulverized coal; oxy-fuel; pulverized coal; power production; carbon capture and sequestration; emission reductions2010-11-10
67 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Jun 1987)I. Isomerization of Alkenes in the Shale Oil by Kaolinite. II. Oil Shale Enthalpy Relations. III. Simulation of Fluid-bed Pyrolzer/Lift-pipe Combustor Retort. IV. Yields from the Cross-swept, Packed-bed Pyrolzer Depend on Sweep, Run Conditions, and Shale Typeisomerization of alkenes; shale oil by kaolinite; oil shale enthalpy relations; fluid-bed pyrolzer; retorting; oil shale1987-06
68 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Mar 1987)I. Dust. II. Pyrolysis of n-Butane. Ammonia from Pyrolysis of Devonian Oil Shale.n-Butane pyrolysis; Ammonia from pyrolysis; Devonian oil shale; oil shale; dust1987-03
69 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale (Oct 1988)I. Secondary Reactions in the Pyrolzer, H2S Release from Devonian Oil Shale. II. Pyrite Decomposition in Oil Shale. III. More on Organic/Inorganic Nitrogen in Green River Formation Oil Shale. IV. Fast and Accurate Measurements of Water Vapor Concentrations. V. References.Pyrolzer reactions; oil shale; pyrite decomposition; Green River Formation oil shale; water vapor concentrations in oil shale1988-10
70 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Nov 1981)A preliminary process flowsheet for a commercial-size, aboveground, countercurrent, gas-combustion retort system has been developed. Flowsheet data are based on an overall mass and energy balance code which uses the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory one-dimensional retort model in conjunction w...gas-combustion retort system; flowsheet data; retort model1981-11-02
71 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale (Nov 1987)I. Water Generation During Fischer Assay Pyrolysis of Oil Shales. II. Mixing Requirements of Solid-Recycle Oil Shale Retorting System.oil shale; oil shale retorting system; water generation; pyrolysis of oil shales; water formation1987-11
72 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Jul 1986)I. Enthalpy Relations for Oil Shale. II. Chemical Reaction Modeling. III. Generic Pyrolysis Modeling.enthalpy relations; oil shale; chemical reaction modeling; generic pyrolysis modeling; heat capacities for oil shale1986-07
73 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (Nov 1983)I. Effect of Pyrolysis Conditions on Sulfur Gases. II. Nitric Oxide Formation During Combustion. III Process Modeling.oil shale; pyrolysis on sulfer gases; nitric oxide formation; sulfur gas production1983-11
74 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale (May 1989)I. Isothermal Pyrolysis Kinetics. II. Dust.isothermal pyrolisis kinetics; dust; oil shale; oil generation; micropyrolysis1989-05
75 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory oil shale project (May 1985)I. Determination of Inorganic Nitrogen in Shale II. Retort Modeling III. Reduced Volume Sampling System Installed on Triple Quadruple Mass Spectrometer IV. Visitors V. Publicationsoil shale; inorganic nitrogen; retort modeling1985-05
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